Image Quality of Coronary Arteries on Non-electrocardiography-gated High-Pitch Dual-Source Computed Tomography in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
To compare accuracy, image quality and radiation dose between high-pitch spiral and sequential modes on 128-slice dual-source computed tomographic (DSCT) angiography in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Forty patients suspected with CHD underwent 128-slice DSCT angiography with high-pitch mode and sequential mode respectively. All the anomalies were confirmed by the surgical and/or the conventional cardiac angiography (CCA) findings. The diagnostic accuracy, the subjective and objective image quality and effective radiation doses were compared. There was no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy (χ 2 = 0.963, P > 0.05), the objective parameters for image quality (P > 0.05) and the image quality of great vessels (u = 167.500, P > 0.05) between the two groups. The image quality of intracardiac structures and coronary arteries was significantly better in the sequential mode group than that in the high-pitch group (u = 112.500 and 100.000, P < 0.05). The mean effective dose in high-pitch group (0.17 ± 0.05 mSv) was significantly lower (t = 5.287, P < 0.05) than that in the sequential mode group (0.29 ± 0.09 mSv). Both the high-pitch and the sequential modes for 128-slice DSCT angiography provide high accuracy for the assessment of CHD in children, while the high-pitch mode, even with some image quality decrease, further significantly lowers the radiation dose. • Modern CT provides excellent anatomical detail of congenital heart disease. • Dual source CT systems offer high-pitch spiral and sequential modes. • The high-pitch mode provides high accuracy for the assessment of CHD. • A few images using the high-pitch mode were occasionally slightly degraded. • But the high-pitch mode significantly lowers the radiation dose.