Sorghum SbSTS1, a pathogen inducible gene, was previously demonstrated to encode an enzyme with stilbene synthase activity. In this study, we attempt to identify the stilbene derivatives that accumulate in infected sorghum seedlings after inoculation with the anthracnose pathogen Colletotrichum sublineolum. Scanning for precursor ions that produced the common stilbene aglycones as diagnostic ions was performed in a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. It was found that infected sorghum seedlings accumulated trans-piceid as the major stilbene metabolite together with an unknown resveratrol derivative. Time-course accumulation of trans-piceid was examined in two sorghum cultivars, DK18 and DK77, which are resistant and susceptible to C. sublineolum, respectively. In both cultivars, trans-piceid was not detected until 48h after inoculation, consistent with the late induction of SbSTS1 reported previously in infected sorghum plants. The levels of trans-piceid detected in DK77 seedlings were approximately three times the levels detected in DK18 seedlings at 120h after inoculation. In vitro assays demonstrated that trans-piceid did not exhibit significant toxicity on conidial germination and mycelial growth of C. sublineolum. Hence trans-piceid alone may not represent an important defense component against the anthracnose pathogen in sorghum seedlings.