Accumulation of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus during soil formation on alder spoil heaps after brown-coal mining, near Sokolov (Czech Republic)

  title={Accumulation of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus during soil formation on alder spoil heaps after brown-coal mining, near Sokolov (Czech Republic)},
  author={M. {\vS}ourkov{\'a} and J. Frouz and H. {\vS}antrů{\vc}kov{\'a}},
The accumulation of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) and their vertical distribution in the soil profile in relation to site age were studied in a chronosequence of 19 sites on reclaimed spoil heaps from open-cast coal mining, near Sokolov (Czech Republic) and compared to a semi-natural alder forest in the vicinity of the mining area. The reclaimed sites were located on tertiary clay or quaternary gravel–sand spoil material and afforested with alder species (Alnus glutinosa, A… Expand
Enzyme activities and microbial biomass in topsoil layer during spontaneous succession in spoil heaps after brown coal mining
Comparison of the effect of site and season on enzyme activity showed that season played a principal role in the enzyme activity of the entire 0–5 cm component of topsoil, as well the soil layers when evaluated separately. Expand
Development of carbon, nitrogen and phosphate stocks of reclaimed coal mine soil within 8 years after forestation with Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) Dc.
Abstract Coal mine degraded land looses large amounts of soil nutrients during surface mining. However, the magnitude of the change in soil properties can be offset with afforestation. AExpand
Assessment of carbon sequestration potential of revegetated coal mine overburden dumps: A chronosequence study from dry tropical climate.
Assessment of improvement in mine soil quality and C sequestration potential of the post-mining reclaimed land with time showed that trees like, Dalbergia sissoo and Heterophragma adenophyllum should be preferred for revegetation of mine degraded sites. Expand
Development of soil chemical and microbial properties in reclaimed and unreclaimed grasslands in heaps after opencast lignite mining
Abstract Understanding changes in soil chemical and microbial properties under different vegetation types on post-mining sites is an important step in developing management practices to enhanceExpand
Effects of soil macrofauna on other soil biota and soil formation in reclaimed and unreclaimed post mining sites: Results of a field microcosm experiment
Abstract The effect of macrofauna on soil organic matter accumulation (carbon and nitrogen content in the soil), soil hydraulic properties (water holding capacity, water field capacity and wiltingExpand
Humus accumulation, humification, and humic acid composition in soils of two post-mining chronosequences after coal mining
PurposeTo assess how the rates of humus formation and humification are affected by land use and age of ecosystems, this study investigated soil development in two post-mining chronosequences (spoilExpand
Distribution of soil organic carbon and glomalin related soil protein in reclaimed coal mine-land chronosequence under tropical condition.
The results demonstrated that the accumulation of SOC and GRSP significantly increased with increasing age of the sites, with greater extent of increment after 26 years were seen in labile POC and EE-GRSP, and strong correlation of GRSP and SOC with soil's bulk density, pH, total N and C/N ratio, suggest increasing GR SP and SOC content resulted in multi-level improvement in soil properties. Expand
Soil development in 2–21 years old coalmine reclaimed spoil with trees: A case study from Sonepur-Bazari opencast project, Raniganj Coalfield, India
Abstract Soil development is an integral process of mining spoil restoration, which is critical for vegetation establishment and may help to predict reclamation success. In this study, changes inExpand
Carbon storage in post-mining forest soil, the role of tree biomass and soil bioturbation
Carbon storage in aboveground tree biomass and soil organic matter (in depth of A layer development i.e., up to 20 cm) was studied in 22–32 year-old post-mining sites in the northwest of the CzechExpand
Fine root biomass and the associated C and nutrient pool under the alder (Alnus spp.) plantings on reclaimed technosols
Abstract In the study we have analysed the increment of fine-root biomass (FRBI) and the associated pool of carbon and nutrients (N, S, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na) under alder plantings (Alnus incana, A.Expand


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In the Lusatian mining district, in the eastern part of the Federal Republic of Germany, organic matter of reclaimed mine soils consists of a mixture of lignite and recently formed soil organicExpand
Dynamics of carbon and nitrogen mineralization in relation to stand type, stand age and soil texture in the boreal mixedwood.
In the boreal mixed forest, stand composition generally changes from deciduous to mixed to coniferous stands during postdisturbance succession. Our objective was to determine the influence of forestExpand
Carbon stocks and soil respiration rates during deforestation, grassland use and subsequent Norway spruce afforestation in the Southern Alps, Italy.
It is concluded that, under present climatic conditions, forest soils act as more persistent carbon sinks than vegetation that will be harvested, releasing the carbon sequestered during tree growth. Expand
Soil biota and upper soil layer development in two contrasting post-mining chronosequences
Density and community composition of a wide spectrum of soil organisms, direct counts of bacteria, rate of cellulose decomposition and microstructure of upper soil layers were studied in two chronosequences reclaimed from open-cast coal mining near Cottbus (Germany) and near Sokolov (Czech Republic). Expand
Types and chemical composition of organic matter in reforested lignite-rich mine soils
Abstract In the post-mining landscapes of Lusatia, forest soils develop from extremely acid, lignite-rich open cast mine spoils. The sites have been ameliorated with ash from lignite-fired powerExpand
Relationship between soil organic carbon and microbial biomass on chronosequences of reclamation sites
The Cmier/Corg ratio proved to be a reliable soil microbial parameter for describing changes in man-made ecosystems and can be considered superior to its single components (Cmier or Corg) and to other parameters. Expand
A low input approach to vegetation establishment on mine and coal ash wastes in semi-arid regions. II: Lagooned pulverized fuel ash in Zimbabwe
The low input approach did not work as well on the PFA as in concurrent experiments on tin mine tailings because of the greater toxicity problems and constraints imposed by the active status of the lagoon, but it is envisaged that this approach may yet lead to the successful establishment of a self-sustaining ecosystem. Expand
A comparative study of soil formation in primary stands of Scots pine (planted) and poplar (natural) on calcareous dune sands in the Netherlands
Initial soil formation under primary stands of Scots pine (planted) and European black poplar (natural) on calcareous dune sands was studied, paying particular attention to the humus forms and theirExpand
Carbon and nitrogen in soil and vegetation at sites differing in successional age
We studied vegetation and soil development during primary succession in an inland drift sand area in the Netherlands. We compared five sites at which primary succession had started at differentExpand
Summary A study was made of the amounts and distribution of C, N, S, and organic P accumulated over a period of 10 000 years of soil development on wind-blown sand. After initial rapid rates ofExpand