Accountability and Local Elections: Rethinking Retrospective Voting

@article{Berry2007AccountabilityAL,
  title={Accountability and Local Elections: Rethinking Retrospective Voting},
  author={Christopher R. Berry and William G. Howell},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2007},
  volume={69},
  pages={844 - 858}
}
For too long, research on retrospective voting has fixated on how economic trends affect incumbent' electoral prospects in national and state elections. Hundreds of thousands of elections in the United States occur at the local level and have little to do with unemployment or inflation rates. This paper focuses on the most prevalent: school boards. Specifically, it examines whether voters hold school board members accountable for the performance of their schools. The 2000 elections reveal… 

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