Accountability: A social check on the fundamental attribution error.

@article{Tetlock1985AccountabilityAS,
  title={Accountability: A social check on the fundamental attribution error.},
  author={Philip E. Tetlock},
  journal={Social Psychology Quarterly},
  year={1985},
  volume={48},
  pages={227-236}
}
  • P. Tetlock
  • Published 1 September 1985
  • Psychology
  • Social Psychology Quarterly
Previous attitude-attribution studies indicate that people are often quick to draw conclusions about the attitudes and personalities of others-even when plausible external or situational causes for behavior exist (an effect known as the overattribution effect or fundamental attribution error). This experiment explores whether accountability-pressures to justify one's causal interpretations of behavior to others-reduces or eliminates this bias. Subjects were exposed to an essay that supported or… 
Changes in Attributions Over Time: The Ephemeral Fundamental Attribution Error
Two experiments examined how attributions for another person's behavior change over time. Experiment 1 subjects who watched a persuasive speech tended to believe the speaker's real position on the
Actors and observers: Divergent attributions of constrained unfriendly behavior
In light of previous attribution research, the authors investigated whether individuals make different causal inferences about their own, as opposed to other people’s, constrained interpersonal
Theory-based bias correction in dispositional inference: The fundamental attribution error is dead, long live the correspondence bias
Social psychological research has repeatedly shown that perceivers draw correspondent dispositional inferences from observed behaviour even when this behaviour was highly constrained by situational
Correspondence bias and attitude toward abortion: Effects of information from others
This study investigated the influence of information from others on the correspondence bias in the attribution of attitudes. Participants were presented with an essay either for or against the
The Effect of an Informational Option on the Fundamental Attribution Error
The present study investigated the fundamental attribution error (FAE) using a new paradigm and a repeated-measures design. Subjects were asked to attribute the actual impressions held by targets who
Does Accountability Attenuate or Amplify Stereotyping? The Role of Implicit Theories
Does accountability (the expectation that one will be called on to justify one's beliefs or actions to others) attenuate or amplify stereotyping? The authors hypothesized that the effect of
Sequential Correspondence Biases and Perceptions of Change: The Castro Studies Revisited
In previous studies, Jones and Harris found that persons who wrote a favorable or unfavorable essay about Fidel Castro were judged as holding attitudes that corresponded to the essay's position, even
Judging others in the shadow of suspicion
Previous research has found that when perceivers have reason to be suspicious of the motives underlying an actor's behavior, they are likely to draw inferences about the actor's true disposition that
Accountability and judgment processes in a personality prediction task.
TLDR
Preexposure-accountability subjects reported more integratively complex impressions of test-takers, made more accurate behavioral predictions, and reported more appropriate levels of confidence in their predictions than did either no-Accountability or postexposure- accountability subjects.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES
Behavioral consequences of attributional bias.
Two experiments were conducted to examine the behavioral consequences of the “fundamental attribution error.” In the first experiment, subjects viewed a general-knowledge quiz, shown by Ross,
Cognitive accommodation, language, and social responsibility.
The two studies reported here examine cognitive accommodation in a betting situation where a decision-maker perceives that the person for whom he is making judgments has a legitimate right to have an
Social Roles, Social Control and Biases in Social Perception
To make accurate social judgments, an individual must both recognize and adequately correct for the self-presentation advantages or disadvantages conferred upon actors by their social roles. Two
The Mindlessness of Ostensibly Thoughtful Action: The Role of "Placebic" Information in Interpersonal Interaction
Three field experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that complex social behavior that appears to be enacted mindfully instead may be performed without conscious attention to relevant
How fundamental is "the fundamental attribution error"?
The tendency that has become widely recognized as "the fundamental attribution error" may represent neither an error nor a fundamental tendency in social perception. Contrary to the assumption
...
...