The role of short-wavelength sensitive cones and chromatic aberration in the response to stationary and step accommodation stimuli
The eye's longitudinal chromatic aberration (LCA) is known to drive 'reflex' accommodation to moving objects, but the evidence is not as clear for stationary objects. The present study examined whether accommodation can be driven by static simulations of the effects of defocus and LCA. Accommodation was recorded continuously while each of 12 subjects viewed images (through a 0.75 mm pinhole) that simulated the appearances of blurred sine wave gratings (3.9 c.p.d.). In two experimental conditions, an eye with normal LCA was assumed and defocus of +1 D or -1 D was simulated. In a control condition, an eye with neutralised LCA was assumed and target defocus of 1 D was simulated. Subjects' accommodation responses were consistent with the hypothesis that LCA provides a stimulus to accommodation. Chromatic aberration drives accommodation to both moving and stationary objects, and thus is an important stimulus for accommodation in everyday situations. The study findings are discussed in relation to colour vision, visual display terminals and emmetropization.