Accidental poisoning with Veratrum album mistaken for wild garlic (Allium ursinum)

  title={Accidental poisoning with Veratrum album mistaken for wild garlic (Allium ursinum)},
  author={I. Gilotta and Miran Brvar},
  journal={Clinical Toxicology},
  pages={949 - 952}
Introduction. Veratrum album (white or false hellebore) is a poisonous plant containing steroidal alkaloids that cause nausea, vomiting, headache, visual disturbances, paresthesia, dizziness, bradycardia, atrioventricular block, hypotension, and syncope. It is regularly mistaken for Gentiana lutea (yellow gentian). We report accidental poisoning with V. album mistaken for Allium ursinum (wild garlic), a wild plant used in soups and salads in Central Europe. Case series. Four adults (24–45 years… 

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Romania is blessed with a rich spontaneous flora, but some of the plants are toxic by their consumption in cattle, affecting the health, productions and endangering consumer safety. Sometimes even

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[Chemical-toxicological diagnosis of hellebore (veratrum) poisoning].

It was shown that for the identification of hellebore alkaloids, it is advisable to use HPLC-MS/MS as the most sensitive and specific instrumental method corresponding to the characteristics of helaloids (high molecular weight, high thermal lability, high polarity).

Review: Veratrum californicum Alkaloids

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Veratrum album intoxication in children demonstrated the same clinical course as observed in adults, and accidental ingestion of a low dose of the plant had a favorable outcome with supportive care.

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A 76-year-old man with a history of alcoholic liver disease and renal insufficiency, who mistakenly ingested Colchicum autumnale instead of wild garlic, presented with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea 12 hours after ingestion and died due to asystolic cardiac arrest.

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[Acute dietary poisoning by white hellebore (Veratrum album L.). Clinical and analytical data. A propos of 5 cases].

Five cases of acute accidental poisoning with White Hellebore are reported, several minutes after the ingestion of home-made gentian wine, and symptoms suggested poisoning with a veratrum alkaloid.

Accidental intoxication with Veratrum album.

The patient completely recovered from the symptoms within 24 h and was discharged from the hospital and the analytical method described was developed for the simultaneous identification and quantitation of five Veratrum alkaloids.

Poisoning due to ingestion of Veratrum viride (false hellebore).

Veratrum Poisoning

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[A case of Veratrum poisoning].

A poisoning from a Veratrum album infusion mistaken for Gentiana lutea is described, involving gastrointestinal and cardiocirculatory systems and Atropine is the drug of choice.

LC-EI-MS determination of veratridine and cevadine in two fatal cases of Veratrum album poisoning.