Accidental poisoning with Veratrum album mistaken for wild garlic (Allium ursinum)

@article{Gilotta2010AccidentalPW,
  title={Accidental poisoning with Veratrum album mistaken for wild garlic (Allium ursinum)},
  author={I. Gilotta and M. Brvar},
  journal={Clinical Toxicology},
  year={2010},
  volume={48},
  pages={949 - 952}
}
Introduction. Veratrum album (white or false hellebore) is a poisonous plant containing steroidal alkaloids that cause nausea, vomiting, headache, visual disturbances, paresthesia, dizziness, bradycardia, atrioventricular block, hypotension, and syncope. It is regularly mistaken for Gentiana lutea (yellow gentian). We report accidental poisoning with V. album mistaken for Allium ursinum (wild garlic), a wild plant used in soups and salads in Central Europe. Case series. Four adults (24–45 years… Expand
Hikers poisoned: Veratrum steroidal alkaloid toxicity following ingestion of foraged Veratrum parviflorum
TLDR
A case of accidental poisoning from Veratrum parviflorum mistaken for the edible Allium tricoccum (ramps, wild leek) is presented, with symptoms similar to previous case reports of toxicity with other Veratrums species. Expand
Veratrum Alkaloid Determination in Four Cases of Veratrum Aqua Poisonings.
TLDR
Since none of the patients confirmed VA intake, instrumental analysis was the basis for the definitive diagnosis of VA poisoning, and a novel validated LC-MS/MS method for jervine and proA quantification is described. Expand
Plants that can be Poisonous for Cows. A Review
Romania is blessed with a rich spontaneous flora, but some of the plants are toxic by their consumption in cattle, affecting the health, productions and endangering consumer safety. Sometimes evenExpand
Analysis of toxic Veratrum alkaloids in plant samples from an accidental poisoning case
TLDR
The composition of Veratrums alkaloids of the poisoning sample and that of the young Veratrum sprout samples of two other colonies were very similar, and had not changed largely over the years when they were young sprouts, showing that all the young sprout species are dangerous to eat. Expand
Species identification of white false hellebore (Veratrum album subsp. oxysepalum) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)
TLDR
The present LAMP assay is a highly sensitive, rapid, and specific method for identifying V. album and V. stamineum, and could be effectively assessed with the naked eye. Expand
Mistaken identity: Severe vomiting, bradycardia and hypotension after eating a wild herb
TLDR
A 53-year-old woman presented with severe vomiting 3.5 hours after eating a boiled wild herb thought to be Hosta montana, which was correctly identified when the patient's husband brought in the herb for identification. Expand
Species identification of white false hellebore (Veratrum album subsp. oxysepalum) using real-time PCR.
TLDR
A TaqMan real-time PCR method using trnH-psbA and trnL-trnF that could be carried out in 30-60min is developed that detects small samples of V. album and V. stamineum accurately and rapidly in poisoning cases. Expand
[Chemical-toxicological diagnosis of hellebore (veratrum) poisoning].
TLDR
It was shown that for the identification of hellebore alkaloids, it is advisable to use HPLC-MS/MS as the most sensitive and specific instrumental method corresponding to the characteristics of helaloids (high molecular weight, high thermal lability, high polarity). Expand
Rapid identification of Gloriosa superba and Colchicum autumnale by melting curve analysis: application to a suicide case involving massive ingestion of G. superba
TLDR
According to these results, duplex real-time PCR analysis is very appropriate for testing forensic samples, such as stomach contents harboring a variety of vegetables, and enables discrimination between G. superba and C. autumnale in forensic and emergency medical fields. Expand
Was the death of Alexander the Great due to poisoning? Was it Veratrum album?
TLDR
Investigating the death of Alexander the Great to determine if he died from natural causes or was poisoned and, if the latter, what was the most likely poison believes Veratrum album offers a more plausible cause than arsenic, strychnine, and other botanical poisons. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Dietary poisoning with Veratrum album – A report of two cases
TLDR
Retrospective investigation of the gentian beverage confirmed that V. album was mistaken for G. lutea, a poisonous plant that can easily be mistaken for the yellow gentian, Gentiana luteA, used in beverages. Expand
Low-dose exposure to Veratrum album in children causes mild effects – a case series
TLDR
Veratrum album intoxication in children demonstrated the same clinical course as observed in adults, and accidental ingestion of a low dose of the plant had a favorable outcome with supportive care. Expand
Case report: fatal poisoning with Colchicum autumnale
TLDR
A 76-year-old man with a history of alcoholic liver disease and renal insufficiency, who mistakenly ingested Colchicum autumnale instead of wild garlic, presented with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea 12 hours after ingestion and died due to asystolic cardiac arrest. Expand
Acute poisoning with autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale L.)
TLDR
Colchicine poisoning can result in gastroenterocolitis followed by multi-organ dysfunction syndrome after ingestion of wild plants as a salad or spice, especially when wild garlic is mentioned, and should always consider autumn crocus. Expand
[Acute dietary poisoning by white hellebore (Veratrum album L.). Clinical and analytical data. A propos of 5 cases].
TLDR
Five cases of acute accidental poisoning with White Hellebore are reported, several minutes after the ingestion of home-made gentian wine, and symptoms suggested poisoning with a veratrum alkaloid. Expand
Accidental intoxication with Veratrum album.
TLDR
The patient completely recovered from the symptoms within 24 h and was discharged from the hospital and the analytical method described was developed for the simultaneous identification and quantitation of five Veratrum alkaloids. Expand
Poisoning due to ingestion of Veratrum viride (false hellebore).
TLDR
Six cases of poisoning due to ingestion of Veratrum viride (false hellebore) are presented and the physiology of veratrum alkaloids are reviewed and atropine is the mainstay of therapy, but pressors may be required to maintain blood pressure. Expand
Veratrum Poisoning
TLDR
Following the ingestion of Veratrum alkaloids, expected signs and symptoms include vomiting and abdominal pain, followed by cardiovascular effects such as bradycardia, hypotension and cardiac conduction abnormalities and death, however, with prompt supportive care, patients typically make a full recovery within 24 hours. Expand
[A case of Veratrum poisoning].
TLDR
A poisoning from a Veratrum album infusion mistaken for Gentiana lutea is described, involving gastrointestinal and cardiocirculatory systems and Atropine is the drug of choice. Expand
LC-EI-MS determination of veratridine and cevadine in two fatal cases of Veratrum album poisoning.
TLDR
The two deceased were discovered in the water of a mountain lake about one month after the postmortem immersion of the corpses, and Macroscopic examination of the stomachs revealed the presence of a very large number of small blackish granules, which were later identified as seeds of a Veratrum species. Expand
...
1
2
3
...