Acceleration Perturbations of Daily Living: A Comparison to ‘Whiplash’

@article{Allen1994AccelerationPO,
  title={Acceleration Perturbations of Daily Living: A Comparison to ‘Whiplash’},
  author={Murray E. Allen and Iain Weir-Jones and Prof. Eng. and Darren R. Motiuk and Kevan R. Flewin and Ralph D. Goring and Robert Kobetitch and Andrew Broadhurst},
  journal={Spine},
  year={1994},
  volume={19},
  pages={1285–1290}
}
Study Design. This study measured repeated human head accelerations (g) during daily activities. Objectives. Perturbations of daily living were compared to similar data from low velocity rear‐end motor vehicle accidents. Summary of Background Data. Past assumptions suggest that motor vehicle accident severity does not correlate with the degree of sustained injury. Early engineering studies indicated that occupant disturbance in a low velocity motor vehicle accident is minor. Methods. Eight… 
The Effect of Trunk Flexion in Healthy Volunteers in Rear Whiplash-Type Impacts
TLDR
If the head is rotated out of neutral posture at the time of rear impact, the injury risk tends to be greater for the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of rotation, and measures to prevent whiplash injury may have to account for the asymmetric response.
Variability in the control of head movements in seated humans: a link with whiplash injuries?
TLDR
The response of floppy subjects appeared to be maladaptive and likely to increase the risk of whiplash injury during motor vehicle accidents, and the adoption by the central nervous system of an extrinsic, ‘allocentric’ frame of reference instead of an intrinsic, “egocentric” one may be instrumental for the selection of the stiff strategy.
Human head and neck kinematics after low velocity rear-end impacts-understanding "whiplash"
TLDR
Findings from an analysis of kinematic responses to a test series of fourteen rear end impacts including a higher range of impact related delta-V than was previously studied are reported, suggesting a proposed mechanism of injury related to the often referred to, but ill defined 'whiplash' syndrome.
Validation and Application of a Methodology to Calculate Head Accelerations and Neck Loading in Soccer Ball Impacts
Calculating head accelerations and neck loading is essential for understanding and predicting head and neck injury. Most of the desired information cannot be directly measured in experiments with
An envelope of linear and rotational head motion during everyday activities
TLDR
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature investigating head kinematics associated with everyday activities and to generate a comprehensive kinematic boundary envelope describing these motions and determine the current state of published knowledge regarding ‘normally occurring’ head accelerations.
Biomechanical Evaluation of Head Kinematics During Infant Shaking Versus Pediatric Activities of Daily Living
TLDR
The rotational accelerations during non-contact shaking appear to be tolerated by normal infants, even when repetitive, as well as statistically indistinguishable from the accelerations endured by a normal 7-month-old boy at play.
Whiplash Injury in Low Speed Car Accidents: Assessment of Biomechanical Cervical Spine Loading and Injury Prevention in a Forensic Sample
TLDR
In the Munich area, there may be a sub-set of the population among otherwise young healthy persons, who claim compensation for whiplash injury based on minimal if any stresses having been imposed upon their neck, suggesting that the intensity of external mechanical neck loading is not a reliable marker for WAD claims.
The effect of occupant position in volunteers subjected to whiplash-type rear impacts
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examining electromyographically the effects of trunk flexion to the left and right on the cervical muscle response to increasing low-velocity posterolateral
IMPACT FREQUENCY VALIDATION OF HEAD IMPACT SENSOR TECHNOLOGY FOR USE IN SPORT
Head impact frequency has been identified as a contributing factor to long-term trauma experienced by the brain. A peak linear acceleration greater than 20g has been proposed as defining a single
...
...