Academic Socialization: Understanding Parental Influences on Children's School-Related Development in the Early Years

  title={Academic Socialization: Understanding Parental Influences on Children's School-Related Development in the Early Years},
  author={Lorraine C. Taylor and Jennifer D. Clayton and Stephanie J Rowley},
  journal={Review of General Psychology},
  pages={163 - 178}
This review summarizes the research literature on the academic socialization of children within the family context. A conceptual model is introduced that describes the process of academic socialization, including parental experiences in school, parental school-related cognitions, and specific parenting behaviors. Parental attitudes and practices provide the foundation for children's development of schemas about school performance and thus are critical determinants of children's early school… 

A Transactional Model of Parental Involvement and Children's Achievement from Early Childhood through Adolescence

SYNOPSIS Objective. In a longitudinal study, researchers examined the transactional relations between two types of parental home involvement, academic instruction and academic socialization, and

Academic Socialization and Parenting Practices: A Comparison Among Chinese and American Preschoolers

It is well known that Chinese students outperform American students on various academic outcomes. Recently, researchers have sought to understand this disparity. While school readiness and academic

The Associations Between Parental Involvement and Science Achievement via Children's Perceived Academic Competence and Academic Effort

The primary goal of this study was to examine the way in which parental involvement, specifically parents’ educational expectations and parent-child communication, are related directly to children’s

Cultural Capital and Home-School Connections in Early Childhood

This qualitative study was an exploration of mothers' perspectives on home-school connections to better understand the variable ways families engage with schools in early childhood. The study was

Maternal Recollections of Schooling and Children's School Preparation

Parents are the primary managers of children’s development during their early years and greatly influence how children are primed for school. There fore, understanding children’s school preparation

Parental Influences on Children's Values and Aspirations: Bridging Two Theories of Social Class and Socialization

The author establishes a framework for tying together two influential approaches linking family socioeconomic status (SES) to children's social psychological outcomes. Families shape children's

Social inequalities and parent involvement in children's education in the early years of school.

Strengthening cooperation between schools and parents is critical to improving learning outcomes for children. The chapter focuses on parental engagement in their children’s education in the early

Work Valence as a Predictor of Academic Achievement in the Family Context

This study asserts a theoretical model of academic and work socialization within the family setting. The presumed associations between parents’ work valences, children’s work valences and valence



Parenting and Children’s School Achievement: A Multiethnic Perspective

The present study is an examination of the relations between parenting and the school performance of fourth- and fifth-grade children (mean age = 10 years, 2 months) in 75 Asian-American, 109 Latino,

Paths across generations: academic competence and aggressive behaviors in young mothers and their children.

The Academic competence of mothers when they were children was significantly linked to the academic competence of their children at school age and the across-generation correlations between measures of aggressive behavior of the mothers whenthey were children and measures ofaggressive behavior of theirChildren in early school grades were modest and unreliable.

Intergenerational Continuities and Their Influences on Children’s Social Development

The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the recent efforts by psychologists to explore intergenerational continuities and their influences on children’s social

Academic Orientation and Warmth in Mothers and Fathers of Preschoolers: Effects on Academic Skills and Self-Perceptions of Competence

This research examined attitudes about early academic experiences as well as parental warmth in mothers and fathers of preschool children. Additionally, the relationship of parental altitudes and

Why Do Parents Become Involved in Their Children’s Education?

This article reviews psychological theory and research critical to understanding why parents become involved in their children’s elementary and secondary education. Three major constructs are

Maternal Recollections of Childhood Peer Relationships: Implications for their Children's Social Competence

The relations between mothers' recollections of their childhood peer relationships and their child-rearing intentions, parenting behaviors and their preschoolers' social competence were examined.

The Relation of School Structure and Social Environment to Parent Involvement in Elementary Schools

Employing a sample of 122 public elementary schools, the present study used results of parent and student surveys to examine relations among school structure, school population composition, parent

Parents' Management of Their Children's Education Within the Home, at School, and in the Community: An Examination of African-American Families Living in Poverty

Using parents' answers to open-ended questions, we examine variation in parents' management of their children's education within the home, at school, and in the community as a function of whether

Ethnic differences in adolescent achievement. An ecological perspective.

It is found that White youngsters benefit from the combination of authoritative parenting and peer support for achievement, whereas Hispanic youngsters suffer from a combination of parental authoritarianism and low peer support.

Preschoolers at play: Co-socialisers of emotional and social competence

Emotional competence is a contributor to young children’s social success. This study focused on these contributions from a relational perspective. The emotional expressions, and reactions to others’