Abyssal hills formed by stretching oceanic lithosphere

@article{Buck1998AbyssalHF,
  title={Abyssal hills formed by stretching oceanic lithosphere},
  author={W. Roger Buck and Alexei N. B. Poliakov},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1998},
  volume={392},
  pages={272-275}
}
Tectonic plates are formed and move apart at mid-ocean ridges. Some portion of this plate-separation process can occur by stretching of the crust, resulting in a complex pattern of extensional faults. Abyssal hills, the most ubiquitous topographic features on Earth, are thought to be a product of this faulting,. Here we report the results of a self-consistent numerical model of lithospheric formation and stretching that includes spontaneous fault creation. In this model, an axial valley… 
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