Abundance and Spread of the Invasive Red Algae, Kappaphycus spp., in Kane’ohe Bay, Hawai’i and an Experimental Assessment of Management Options

  title={Abundance and Spread of the Invasive Red Algae, Kappaphycus spp., in Kane’ohe Bay, Hawai’i and an Experimental Assessment of Management Options},
  author={Eric J. Conklin and Jennifer E. Smith},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
Several species of Kappaphycus were intentionally introduced into Kane’ohe Bay, Hawai’i in the 1970s. Subsequent research has demonstrated that these algae have spread rapidly throughout the bay and can be found in a variety of reef habitats overgrowing and killing corals. This study was conducted to (a) quantify Kappaphycus spp. abundance both spatially and temporally, and (b) investigate control options including manual removal and the use of biocontrol agents. Kappaphycus spp. distribution… 
Reduction in Cover of Two Introduced Invasive Macroalgae by Herbivores on Coral Reefs of Kāne‘ohe Bay, Hawai‘i1
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A management strategy to substantially reduce the algal biomass in the fishpond includes a combination of biological control and periodic manual removal of the alga.
The introduced alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty ex P.C. Silva, 1996) in abandoned cultivation sites in Bocas del Toro, Panama
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Impact of removal of invasive species Kappaphycus alvarezii from coral reef ecosystem in Gulf of Mannar, India.
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Turbinaria sp. as victims to Kappaphycusalvarezii in reefs of Gulf of Mannar, India
The Gulf of Mannar (GoM), India, includes 21 coral islands (8 N; 79 E), covers an area of 10,500 sq. km and supports 94 species of corals belonging to 37 genera. Kappaphycus alvarezii, a
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The red algae Kappaphycus alvarezii and Graci/aria salicornia were introduced to specific sites in Kane'ohe Bay in the 1970s and since that time their distributions have increased, and the algae have spread through the bay.
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The Influence of The Introduced Tropical Alga Caulerpa Taxifolia, on the Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Marine Biota
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The green alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides, introduced about 1956 from Western Europe to Long Island, New York, spread north to Cape Cod by 1961 and south to New Jersey by 1966. Two disjunct
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Within a five-year period (1994–1999), the population of the invasive seaweed Grateloupia doryphora expanded from its initial location on a central, southern coastline in Rhode Island, USA, finding significant differences in blade size and shape among the stations and in relation to depth.
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