Abstractionist and Processing Accounts of Implicit Learning

  title={Abstractionist and Processing Accounts of Implicit Learning},
  author={Theresa Johnstone and David R. Shanks},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},
Five experiments evaluated the contributions of rule, exemplar, fragment, and episodic knowledge in artificial grammar learning using memorization versus hypothesis-testing training tasks. Strings of letters were generated from a biconditional grammar that allows different sources of responding to be unconfounded. There was no evidence that memorization led to passive abstraction of rules or encoding of whole training exemplars. Memorizers instead used explicit fragment knowledge to identify… CONTINUE READING

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 43 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 58 references

Two mechanisms in implicit artificial grammar learning

  • T. Johnstone, D. R. Shanks
  • Comment on Meulemans and Van der Linden
  • 1999
Highly Influential
7 Excerpts

Representing artificial grammars: Transfer across stimulus forms and modalities

  • L. Manza, A. S. Reber
  • 1997
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

The representation of general and particular knowledge

  • B.W.A. Whittlesea
  • 1997
Highly Influential
13 Excerpts

Defining the units of a synthetic language

  • P. Perruchet
  • Comment on Vokey and Brooks
  • 1994
Highly Influential
6 Excerpts

Incidentally, things in general are particularly determined: An episodic account of implicit learning

  • B.W.A. Whittlesea, M. D. Dorken
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,
  • 1993
Highly Influential
7 Excerpts

Salience of item knowledge in learning artificial grammars

  • J. R. Vokey, L. R. Brooks
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning…
  • 1992
Highly Influential
6 Excerpts

Abstract analogies and abstracted grammars

  • L. R. Brooks, J. R. Vokey
  • Comments on Reber (1989) and Mathews et al
  • 1991
Highly Influential
9 Excerpts

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…