Corpus ID: 41762392

Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

@inproceedings{Collins2002AbstinenceOV,
  title={Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?},
  author={Carmen Collins and Priya Alagiri and Todd Summers and Morin Sf},
  year={2002}
}
Over the last several years Congress has emphasized funding abstinence-only programs over comprehensive sexuality education. President Bush and leaders in Congress have called for “parity” in funding between abstinence-only sex education and family planning safe sex programs. Congress increased funding for federal abstinence programs in fiscal year 2002 and has been asked by the President to increase it by another $33 million in fiscal year 2003. The abstinence-only approach to sex education is… Expand

Topics from this paper

Abstinence-Only Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates: Why We Need Comprehensive Sex Education in the U.S
TLDR
The integration of comprehensive sex and STD education into the biology curriculum in middle and high school science classes and a parallel social studies curriculum that addresses risk-aversion behaviors and planning for the future are proposed. Expand
Sex Education: The Effectiveness of Comprehensive-Based Compared to the Effectiveness of Abstinence-Only
TLDR
The results supported the hypothesis that students who received Comprehensive-Based sex education knew more about safe sex practices and were able to put them into practice more often, but the results were not statistically significant. Expand
Queer Youth Experiences with Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Sexuality Education: “I can't get married so where does that leave me?”
Abstinence-only-until-marriage sexuality education has received increasing attention vis-à-vis policy, funding, and research. Despite large sums of federal money to develop, implement, and to someExpand
Missouri Sex Education Policy: Recommendations for Revision to Reduce Teen Pregnancy Rates
Comprehensive sex education has been shown to reduce teen pregnancy compared to abstinence-only education or no sex education. In 2011, Missouri policy regarding human sexuality and sexuallyExpand
Federal Initiatives and Sex Education: The Impact on Rural United States
Overall, there is much that is yet unknown in rural sex education initiatives. Federal programs connected with NCLB attempt to measure AYP in numerous areas, but sex education is not among them.Expand
Saying One Thing and Doing Another: The Paradox of Best Practices and Sex Education
ABSTRACT The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) specifies that all educational programs or curricula be supported by “scientifically based research” in order to ensure better quality control.Expand
THE ANALYSIS OF SEX EDUCATION IN THREECOUNTRIES (FINLAND, UNITED STATES AND INDONESIA)AND ITS RELATION TO SEXUAL BEHAVIORAMONG ADOLESCENTS
The sexual revolution of the past half-century is arguably the dominant cultural revolution of modern times. Sex without commitment has dramatically increased the number of unwed births, abortion,Expand
The Impact of HIV Education on Behavior Among Youths: A Propensity Score Matching Approach
There has been a long‐standing debate as to whether sex or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) education actually influences the way young people behave. To the extent these programs work, theyExpand
Factors associated with the content of sex education in U.S. public secondary schools.
TLDR
Given the well-documented relationship between what teenagers learn about safer sexual behavior and their use of methods when they initiate sexual activity, sex education in all U.S. high schools should include accurate information about condoms and other contraceptives. Expand
HIV/AIDS Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa: 'Abstinence until Marriage' Education and Girls' Health in Wakiso District, Uganda
TLDR
The study proposed herein seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of Uganda’s national sexual health curriculum ‐ the Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth, or PIASCY ‐ through a qualitative survey of adolescent girls and young women aged 12 to 19 years. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Exclusive purpose: abstinence-only proponents create federal entitlement in welfare reform.
  • D. Daley
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • SIECUS report
  • 1997
TLDR
The August 1996 welfare reform legislation represents the broadest attack on the provision of comprehensive sexuality education in the US, and the intent was to use federal law to change the social norm of premarital sexual activity. Expand
States' implementation of the Section 510 abstinence education program, FY 1999.
TLDR
Most jurisdictions prohibited the provision of information about contraception, about providers of contraceptive services or about both topics, even in response to a direct question and when using other sources of funding. Expand
Emerging Answers: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy (Summary)
TLDR
There is emerging evidence that some shorter, more modest clinic interventions involving educational materials coupled with one-on-one counseling may increase contraceptive use. Expand
Abstinence and safer sex HIV risk-reduction interventions for African American adolescents: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
Both abstinence and safer-sex interventions can reduce HIV sexual risk behaviors, but safer- sex interventions may be especially effective with sexually experienced adolescents and may have longer-lasting effects. Expand
Cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce African American adolescents' risk for HIV infection.
TLDR
It was found that 31.1% of youths in the education program who were abstinent at baseline had initiated sexual activity 1 year later, whereas only 11.5% of skills training participants were sexually active. Expand
Changing emphases in sexuality education in U.S. public secondary schools, 1988-1999.
TLDR
Sexuality education in secondary public schools is increasingly focused on abstinence and is less likely to present students with comprehensive teaching that includes necessary information on topics such as birth control, abortion and sexual orientation. Expand
Reducing the risk: impact of a new curriculum on sexual risk-taking.
TLDR
Among all lower risk youths and among all students who had not initiated intercourse prior to their exposure to the curriculum, the curriculum appears to have significantly reduced unprotected intercourse, either by delaying the onset of intercourse or by increasing the use of contraceptives. Expand
Sex education: politicians, parents, teachers and teens.
  • C. Dailard
  • Medicine, Political Science
  • Issues in brief
  • 2001
TLDR
The results of several new studies strongly indicate that politicians--in their drive to promote morality- based abstinence-only education--are out of touch with what teachers parents and teens think should be taught. Expand
The impact of the Postponing Sexual Involvement curriculum among youths in California.
TLDR
The evaluation suggests that PSI may be too modest in length and scope to have an impact on youths' sexual behavior. Expand
State-level policies on sexuality, STD education.
A review of state laws and policies relating to sexuality education and sexually transmitted disease (STD) education indicates that while most states require schools to teach one or both most alsoExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...