Absorption and metabolism in man of 16-epi-gitoxin, a new semi-synthetic cardioactive glycoside

  • K. O. Haustein
  • Published 1977 in European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology


The pharmacokinetics of3H-16-epi-gitoxin have been investigated after oral administration: The peak serum level occurred after 30–60 min, and its subsequent decline was in two phases with halflives of 3.5 and 19.5 h, respectively. Within 3 days 66–70% of the administered radioactivity were eliminated by renal excretion. In the first 16 h 15% of excreted activity was in metabolites, but thereafter the glycoside was excreted in unchanged form. The metabolites were characterized by thin-layer chromatography and radio-scanning; it is assumed that they correspond to the bis- and monodigitoxosides as well as to the genin of 16-epi-gitoxin. The unusual pharmacokinetics of the glycoside are discussed in relation to its special kinetics at the molecular level, i.e. the rapid dissociation rate of the glycoside-(Na++K+)-ATPase-complex.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00562938

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@article{Haustein1977AbsorptionAM, title={Absorption and metabolism in man of 16-epi-gitoxin, a new semi-synthetic cardioactive glycoside}, author={K. O. Haustein}, journal={European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology}, year={1977}, volume={11}, pages={455-458} }