Absorption and Hemodynamic Effects of Airway Administration of Adrenaline in Patients with Severe Cardiac Disease

@article{Raymondos2000AbsorptionAH,
  title={Absorption and Hemodynamic Effects of Airway Administration of Adrenaline in Patients with Severe Cardiac Disease},
  author={K. Raymondos and B. Panning and M. Leuwer and G. Brechelt and T. Korte and M. Niehaus and J. Tebbenjohanns and S. Piepenbrock},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  year={2000},
  volume={132},
  pages={800-803}
}
Endotracheal administration of at least 2 mg of adrenaline is recommended in adults if intravenous access cannot be attained during resuscitation (1). It is an accepted and frequently used alternative to intravenous administration. Studies in animals have suggested that endotracheal doses of adrenaline must be at least 10 times greater than intravenous doses (2, 3). However, three previous studies failed to show any effects after endotracheal administration of 0.03 to 1 mg of adrenaline in… Expand
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