Absolute pitch: Myths, evidence and relevance to music education and performance

@article{Carden2019AbsolutePM,
  title={Absolute pitch: Myths, evidence and relevance to music education and performance},
  author={J. Carden and T. Cline},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  year={2019},
  volume={47},
  pages={890 - 901}
}
The assumed extreme rarity of absolute pitch (AP), sometimes known as “perfect pitch”, is not supported by empirical evidence. Instead, studies indicate a prevalence of at least 4% for music students, making AP of potential importance to everyday music education. Considerable scientific curiosity about AP exists, though rarely have research findings been practically applied to music education. This review looks at the evidence of the origins of AP and of the distinct neurological, language and… Expand
Perceiving Music Through the Lens of Synaesthesia and Absolute Pitch
TLDR
The article surveys and consolidates general neurobiological, psychological, and behavioural evidence to summarise what is currently known on this topic and aims to facilitate a greater understanding of music and auditory forms of synaesthesia and their interaction with AP. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Music Proficiency and Quantification of Absolute Pitch: A Large-Scale Study among Brazilian Musicians
TLDR
The results show that the prevalence of AP in Brazilian students is similar to other non-tonal language populations, although this measure is highly dependent on the scoring threshold used. Expand
The Development of Absolute Pitch: A Theory Concerning the Roles of Music Training at an Early Developmental Age and Individual Cognitive Style
Absolute pitch (AP), the ability to identify or sing pitches without an external reference, is apparently neither completely inherited nor completely teachable. Based on AP research findings and theExpand
Absolute pitch among students in an American music conservatory: association with tone language fluency.
TLDR
The hypothesis that the acquisition of AP by tone language speakers involves the same process as occurs in the Acquisition of a second tone language is supported. Expand
Absolute pitch, early musical instruction, and spatial abilities.
The results of the study show that AP possessors performed better in the Hidden Figure Test than did NMs and musicians with RP and that age at which music instruction is initiated affects performanceExpand
Absolute pitch among American and Chinese conservatory students: prevalence differences, and evidence for a speech-related critical period.
TLDR
The findings suggest that the potential for acquiring absolute pitch may be universal, and may be realized by enabling infants to associate pitches with verbal labels during the critical period for acquisition of features of their native language. Expand
Do absolute pitch possessors have a field independent cognitive style
The factors contributing to the development of absolute pitch (AP) are still not fully understood. It seems to be neither completely inherited nor completely teachable. This study tested theExpand
Prevalence of absolute pitch: a comparison between Japanese and Polish music students.
Comparable large-scale surveys including an on-site pitch-naming test were conducted with music students in Japan and Poland to obtain more convincing estimates of the prevalence of absolute pitchExpand
The brain of musicians. A model for functional and structural adaptation.
  • G. Schlaug
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2001
TLDR
It is reported that certain regions in the brain may show some form of adaptation to extraordinary challenges and requirements of performance, and the neural correlates of one unique musical ability, absolute pitch, are shown. Expand
Is There an Asian Advantage for Pitch Memory
ABSOLUTE PITCH (AP) IS THE ABILITY TO IDENTIFY OR produce a musical note in isolation. As traditionally defined, AP requires accurate pitch memory as well as knowledge of note names. The incidence ofExpand
Absolute pitch is associated with a large auditory digit span: a clue to its genesis.
TLDR
It is conjectured that a large auditory memory span, including memory for speech sounds, facilitates the development of associations between pitches and their verbal labels early in life, so promoting the acquisition of AP. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...