Absinthe—A Review

@article{Lachenmeier2006AbsintheAR,
  title={Absinthe—A Review},
  author={Dirk W. Lachenmeier and Stephan G. Walch and Stephan A. Padosch and Lars U Kr{\"o}ner},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  year={2006},
  volume={46},
  pages={365 - 377}
}
The alcoholic beverage absinthe is recently experiencing a revival after a yearlong prohibition. This review article provides information on all aspects of this bitter spirit and its major components, especially wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.), which contains the toxic monoterpene thujone. Over 100 references on historic and current literature are provided. The topics comprise the history of the alcoholic drink starting from its invention in the eighteenth century. Historical and modern… Expand
Assessing the authenticity of absinthe using sensory evaluation and HPTLC analysis of the bitter principle absinthin
TLDR
This study is the first to use sensory evaluation of wormwood taste, louche effect, and bitterness in order to classify absinthe, and introduces a simple, fast, and sensitive procedure using high-performance thin-layer chromatography to assess the levels of absinthin, a characteristic bitter substance found in wormwood. Expand
Estimation of thujone levels in pre-ban absinthe
Objectives: The media coverage about absinthe, a bitter spirit containing wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.), continues to repeat unsubstantiated myths and legends and the public is systematicallyExpand
Chemical composition of vintage preban absinthe with special reference to thujone, fenchone, pinocamphone, methanol, copper, and antimony concentrations.
TLDR
The authors conclude that the thujone concentration of preban absinthe was generally overestimated in the past, disproving the supposition that a fundamental difference exists between preban and modern absinthes manufactured according to historical recipes. Expand
[Thujone-attributable effects of absinthe are only an urban legend--toxicology uncovers alcohol as real cause of absinthism].
  • D. Lachenmeier
  • History, Psychology
  • Medizinische Monatsschrift fur Pharmazeuten
  • 2008
TLDR
In the discussion about thujone as possible toxic constituent of the wormwood-containing alcoholic beverage absinthe, the dose-response-relationship is frequently ignored and scientifically unproven speculations about the influence of certain drinking rituals of absinhe on its toxicity must be rebutted. Expand
Solution to the absinthe challenge
  • Lucia D'ulivo
  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
  • 2014
TLDR
Diluting absinthe with cold water will ensure the stability of the microemulsion whereas use of warm water might cause unpleasant phase-separation effects that could make the absinte drink less enjoyable. Expand
Absinthe, Absinthism and Thujone - New Insight into the Spirit's Impact on Public Health
Absinthe, a strong alcoholic aperitif, is notorious for containing the compound 'thujone', which has been commonly regarded as its 'active ingredient'. It has been widely theorized that the thujoneExpand
Absinthe , epileptic seizures and
Absinthe is an alcoholic liquor containing extracts from the wormwood plant. It was widely consumed in France in the late nineteenth century. Its production was banned in 1915, partly because it wasExpand
Absinthe, epileptic seizures and Valentin Magnan.
  • M. Eadie
  • Medicine
  • The journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
  • 2009
TLDR
An examination of Valentin Magnan's published investigations suggests that his science was very adequate by the standards of his time, and that he had shown that an alcohol-soluble component of wormwood did produce lapses of consciousness, myoclonic jerks and tonic-clonic convulsions in animals. Expand
SYSTEMATIC MISINFORMATION ABOUT THUJONE PRE-BAN ABSINTHE
Summary The media coverage about absinthe, a bitter spirit containing wormwood (Artemisia absinthum L.), continues to repeat unsubstantiated myths and legends and the public is systematicallyExpand
Sources of variability of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.) essential oil
TLDR
Artemisia absinthium L. is a medicinal and aromatic bitter herb frequently used in traditional medicine as antimicrobial agent since ancient times and the use of this herb as a source of natural products and the alcoholic beverage absinthe has recently experienced a revival after a period of prohibition. Expand
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 197 REFERENCES
Profile of alcohol congeners of absinthe
Due to a change in European legislation, absinthe is now, once again available in all European countries and is turning into a fashionable drink. The ethanol concentration of absinthe varies from 30Expand
Absinthe: what's your poison?
TLDR
Having been banned in many countries in the early 20th century, its newly fashionable image, combined with global purchasing opportunities through the internet, has brought its revival in Britain—from bars, stores, and mail order. Expand
Analysis of Absinthin in Absinth Extract Bittering Agent
The constituent" of absinth extract product, a natural bitter fiayoring, were investigated as a part of an ongoing study to evaluate its quality and safety as a food additiye. Two constituents,Expand
Absinthe: return of the Green Fairy.
TLDR
This paper reviews some of the historical aspects of absinthe and aims to shed light on the mechanism of action and neurotoxicology of this the Green Fairy. Expand
Absinthe: enjoying a new popularity among young people?
TLDR
Analyses of extracts by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry identified beta-thujone, which is responsible for the activity and toxic effects on the CNS of absinthe, in both alcohol samples. Expand
Absinthe and gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors.
  • R. Olsen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2000
TLDR
Evidence that thujone acts as a γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor chloride channel blocker, much like the plant convulsant picrotoxin, and related synthetic analogs is provided. Expand
Alpha-thujone (the active component of absinthe): gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor modulation and metabolic detoxification.
TLDR
Alpha-thujone in absinthe and herbal medicines is a rapid-acting and readily detoxified modulator of the GABA-gated chloride channel. Expand
Mythobotany, pharmacology, and chemistry of thujone-containing plants and derivatives
TLDR
The effects delineated by modern experimentation correlate remarkably well with those ascribed to the plants in mythology, folklore, and other pre–contemporary documents. Expand
Absinthe: attention performance and mood under the influence of thujone.
TLDR
The results of the present study showed that the simultaneous administration of alcohol containing a high concentration of thujone had a negative effect on attention performance, and the anxiolytic effect of alcohol was temporarily counteracted by a highThujone concentration. Expand
Use of enzymes in the production of vegetable food flavouring extracts
Abstract Experiments were undertaken to develop new technologies that could give a more thorough extraction of increasingly scarce flavouring principles from vegetables. The study examined theExpand
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