Absence seizures: A review of recent reports with new concepts

@article{Hughes2009AbsenceSA,
  title={Absence seizures: A review of recent reports with new concepts},
  author={John Russell Hughes},
  journal={Epilepsy \& Behavior},
  year={2009},
  volume={15},
  pages={404-412}
}
  • J. R. Hughes
  • Published 2009
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Epilepsy & Behavior
Absence seizures with bilateral spike-wave (SW) complexes at 3Hz are divided into the childhood form, with onset at around 6 years of age, and the juvenile form, with onset usually at 12 years of age. These seizures typically last 9-12s and, at times, are activated by hyperventilation and occasionally by photic stimulation. Generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures may also occur, especially in the juvenile form. There may be cognitive changes, in addition to linguistic and behavioral problems… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Electroencephalograhy (EEG) is used as a tool for diagnosing epilepsy/convulsions. During the recording, especially for childen who are suspected of having abbcence epilepsy… Expand
ConditionsEpilepsy
InterventionDevice
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In vivo electrophysiological intracellular recordings showed that the pyramidal neurons of the deep layers of this cortex exhibit fast activation, hyperexcitability and hypersynchronizing characteristics in favor of their role as ictogenic neurons in absence seizures. Expand
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Recent studies and new concepts on the electroclinical features and pathophysiological findings of childhood absence epilepsy are reviewed to highlight areas of consensus as well as areas of uncertainty that indicate directions for future research. Expand
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TLDR
The history of typical absence seizures is traced back, from their initial clinical description to the more recent nosological position, based on electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings. Expand
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