Absence of wing polymorphism in the arboreal, phytophagous species of some taxa of temperate Hemiptera: an hypothesis

  title={Absence of wing polymorphism in the arboreal, phytophagous species of some taxa of temperate Hemiptera: an hypothesis},
  author={Nadejda Waloff},
  journal={Ecological Entomology},
  • N. Waloff
  • Published 1 May 1983
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Ecological Entomology
ABSTRACT. 1 Most arboreal Cicadellidae (Homoptera) and the arboreal, phytophagous Heteroptera are macropterous and capable of flight. 2 The low incidence of flightless morphs in the above insects is compared with its frequency in the species living on low vegetation. 3 It is suggested that in spite of the permanence of arboreal habitats, the almost complete absence of flightless morphs in these groups of the temperate Hemiptera is related to the architectural complexity of trees. 
Reduced flight capability in British Virgin Island populations of a wing‐dimorphic insect: the role of habitat isolation, persistence, and structure
1. The effects of habitat isolation, persistence, and host‐plant structure on the incidence of dispersal capability (per cent macroptery) in populations of the delphacid planthopper Toya venilia were
Life-history traits of forest-inhabiting flightless Lepidoptera
Some species of forest-inhabiting Lepidoptera possess a set of life-history traits including flightless females, larval dispersal by ballooning, polyphagy, univoltinism and overwintering larvae or eggs which contribute to the ability of these species to reach high population density during years favorable to larval growth and survival.
Wing dimorphism in aphids
In this review, an overview of the major features of the aphid wing dimorphism is provided and what is known about the mechanisms underlying the dimorphisms is reviewed.
The evolution of dispersal polymorphisms in insects: The influence of habitats, host plants and mates
  • R. Denno
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Researches on Population Ecology
  • 2006
Wing-dimorphic, delphacid planthoppers were used to test hypotheses concerning the effects of habitat persistence and architectural complexity on the occurrence of dispersal and the large body size observed in migratory taxa may result from selection for increased fecundity in colonizing species.
Density-Related Migration in Planthoppers (Homoptera: Delphacidae): The Role of Habitat Persistence
Habitat persistence has played a major role in shaping patterns of migration in this group of sap-feeding herbivores by selecting for habitat escape and dictating the availability of mates.
Windborne migration of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) over Britain
The migratory abilities of most Auchenorrhyncha species in northwest Europe is poorly understood, and thus the present study draws together, and complements, fragmentary information on this topic as a basis for further research.
Insect Dispersal on Tenerife, Canary Islands: High Altitude Fallout and Seaward Drift
Insect dispersal on the large oceanic island of Tenerife was studied by sampling the "biological fallout" of insects (and other arthropods) on mountain snowfields and also collecting them from the
Geographic and clonal variation in the milkweed-oleander aphid,Aphis nerii (Homoptera: Aphididae), for winged morph production, life history, and morphology in relation to host plant permanence
There does not appear to be an association of life history and morphology with migratory potential that could enhance the colonizing ability of migrant aphids, and there were no population differences for any life history or morphometric traits of winged aphids that are important contributors to fitness or migratory ability.
High-altitude migration of Heteroptera in Britain
Heteroptera caught during day and night sampling at a height of 200 m above ground at Cardington, Bedfordshire, UK, during eight summers were compared to high-altitude catches made over the UK and North Sea from the 1930s to the 1950s, indicating that individuals were engaged in windborne migration over distances of at least several kilometres and probably tens of kilometres.
The role of nutrition, crowding and interspecific interactions in the development of winged aphids
The evidence for Winged morph production in aphids is reviewed, the evidence to support this theory is reviewed and the ecological and evolutionary significance of the findings are discussed.


Size and shape as ecological discriminants in successional communities of Heteroptera
The range in size and shape of Heteroptera increases with the successional age of the community and exhibits a similar trend to the structural diversity of the green plants.
The relationships of plant and insect diversities in succession
It was found that up to a successional age of 16 months, the taxonomic diversities of plants and insects rose; thereafter the diversity of the plant species declined far more than the insect species diversity.
The adaptive and evolutionary significance of wing polymorphism and parthenogenesis in Ptinella Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Ptiliidae)
The spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the subcortical habitat is considered to have favoured the evolution and maintenance of parthenogenesis and wing polymorphism in Ptinella.
Host plant associations, diversity and species—area relationships of mesophyll‐feeding leafhoppers of trees and shrubs in Britain
Abstract. 1. Sixty‐two British species of Typhlocybine leafhoppers are known to feed on the leaf‐mesophyll tissue of trees and shrubs. British host records for fifty‐five of these are given.
In this Address, the author will attempt some quantification, but will not be able to emulate those former Presidents who have been able to provide a definitative synthesis of a field or of their own studies, and his offering can be but a small beginning, an indication of the type of characteristics the authors should quantify.
Alternative Life History Patterns in Risky Environments: An Example from Lacebugs
In the 1960s and early 70s the evolution of life history patterns among organisms received a great deal of attention and three different though nonexclusive theories emerged: the deterministic view, the bethedging hypothesis organized by Stearns (1976) from the stochastic models of Murphy (1968) and Schaffer (1974), and the balanced-mortality hypothesis, so termed by Price (1974).
Hemiptera , Fulgoromorpha
  • 1960
Hemiptera , Cicadomorpha. Royal Entomological Society Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects
  • 1965