Hydroponics on a chip: analysis of the Fe deficient Arabidopsis thylakoid membrane proteome.
PS II-H is a small hydrophobic protein that is universally present in the PS II core complex of cyanobacteria and plants. The role of PS II-H was studied by directed mutagenesis and biochemical analysis in the thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1. The psbH disruptant could grow photoautotrophically; however, its growth was much slower than that of the wild type cell. Chromatography enabled the isolation of active oxygen-evolving PS II complexes from both the mutant and the wild type. The mutant yielded a relatively large amount of inactive PS II complex that lacked the following extrinsic proteins: the 33-kDa protein, the 12-kDa protein, and cytochrome c 550 . There were differences between the psbH disruptant and the wild type in terms of the oxygen evolution activities of the cells, thylakoids, and PS II complexes. At high concentrations of 2,6-DCBQ, the activity was much lower in the mutant than in the wild type. Gel filtration chromatography of the PS II complexes showed that both active and inactive PS II complexes isolated from the mutant were mostly in the monomeric form, while the active PS II complex from the wild type was in the dimeric form. The polypeptide composition of both active and inactive PS II complexes from the mutant showed the absence of another small polypeptide, PS II-X. These results suggest that the PS II-H protein is essential for stable assembly of native dimeric PS II complex containing PS II-X.