Absence of self-recognition in a monkey (Macaca fascicularis) following prolonged exposure to a mirror.

@article{Gallup1977AbsenceOS,
  title={Absence of self-recognition in a monkey (Macaca fascicularis) following prolonged exposure to a mirror.},
  author={G. Gallup},
  journal={Developmental psychobiology},
  year={1977},
  volume={10 3},
  pages={
          281-4
        }
}
  • G. Gallup
  • Published 1977
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental psychobiology
To date only chimpanzees, orangutans, and humans have been found capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors. In an attempt to provide a more definitive test of the capacity for self-recognition in monkeys. I gave a preadolescent crab-eating macaque 2400 hr of mirror exposure. However, patterns of self-directed behavior never developed and a more explicit test of self-recognition yielded negative results. The data indicate possible differences between great apes and monkeys in self-awareness. 
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