Group II Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors as Targets for Novel Antipsychotic Drugs
We previously reported the absence of high-affinity binding of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists LY 354,740 and LY 379,268 to the D2L dopamine receptor. A rebuttal to our findings has since been reported (see Introduction section); this study represents our response. Analysis by LCMS of LY 354,740 and LY 379,268 used in this study revealed the correct molecular mass for these compounds. Both LY 354,740 and LY 379,268 exhibited potent agonist activity for mGluR₂ in the ³⁵S-GTPγS assay. Functionally, neither compound displayed antagonist activity in the GTPγS assay with recombinant D₂. At concentrations up to 10 μM, both compounds failed to displace [³H]-raclopride, [³H]-PHNO, or [³H]-domperidone in filter-binding assays under isotonic (120 mM NaCl or N-methyl glucamine) or low-ionic strength (no NaCl or N-methyl glucamine) conditions. Some displacement of [³H]-domperidone (20-40%) was observed at 30 μM of LY 354,740 under low-ionic strength and under isotonic conditions in the absence of NaCl. No displacement of [³H]-domperidone was detected in a two site model at lower (<100 nM) concentrations of either compound. Moreover, no D₂ activity was observed for LY 354,740 or LY 379,268 in the CellKey™ (cellular dielectric spectroscopy) assay. In this communication, we discuss the possible reasons for differences in our study and the previously published work and implications of these studies for mechanisms of antipsychotic action.