Absence of direct effect of low-power millimeter-wave radiation at 60.4 GHz on endoplasmic reticulum stress

@article{NicolasNicolaz2008AbsenceOD,
  title={Absence of direct effect of low-power millimeter-wave radiation at 60.4 GHz on endoplasmic reticulum stress},
  author={Christophe Nicolas Nicolaz and Maxim Zhadobov and Fabienne Desmots and Ronan Sauleau and Daniel Thouroude and Denis Michel and Yves Le Drean},
  journal={Cell Biology and Toxicology},
  year={2008},
  volume={25},
  pages={471-478}
}
Millimeter waves (MMW) at frequencies around 60 GHz will be used in the very near future in the emerging local wireless communication systems and the potential health hazards of artificially induced environmental exposures represent a major public concern. The main aim of this study was to investigate the potential effects of low-power MMW radiations on cellular physiology. To this end, the human glial cell line, U-251 MG, was exposed to 60.4 GHz radiation at a power density of 0.14 mW/cm2 and… 

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TLDR
It is shown that under the considered exposure conditions, the maximal power density, local SAR, and temperature increments equal 57 mW/cm(2) , 1.4 kW/kg, and 6 °C, respectively, for the radiated power of 425‬mW.

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TLDR
Exposure to millimeter-wavelength radiation has no effect on genotoxicity in human eye cells, and the comet assay, used to detect DNA strand breaks, and heat shock protein expression showed no statistically significant effects of exposure.

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Under the considered experimental conditions, exposure to pulse-modulated radiations emulating typical ultrahigh field MRI signals, corresponding to temperature increments below 1 °C, does not trigger any heat shock response in human brain cells.

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TLDR
There is no confirmed evidence that low-level RF fields above 6 GHz such as those used by the 5 G network are hazardous to human health, and future experimental studies should improve the experimental design with particular attention to dosimetry and temperature control.

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The scientific evidence concerning the possible effects of millimeter-waves on humans is insufficient to devise science- based exposure limits and to develop science-based human health policies, and precautionary measures should be considered for the deployment of the 5G.

Untargeted metabolomics unveil alterations of biomembranes permeability in human HaCaT keratinocytes upon 60 GHz millimeter-wave exposure

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It is hypothesized that MMW might alter the permeability of cell membranes, as reported elsewhere, following a joint metabolomic and lipidomic workflow to account for a potential effect of millimeter waves on biological tissues.

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