Absence of Differences Between Male and Female Adolescents With Prior Sport Concussion

@article{Brooks2014AbsenceOD,
  title={Absence of Differences Between Male and Female Adolescents With Prior Sport Concussion},
  author={Brian L. Brooks and Martin Mrazik and Karen M. Barlow and Carly D McKay and Willem H. Meeuwisse and Carolyn A. Emery},
  journal={Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation},
  year={2014},
  volume={29},
  pages={257–264}
}
Objective:Sex differences following concussion are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine whether male and female adolescent athletes with prior concussions differ regarding neurocognitive function and symptom reporting. Setting:Community-based hockey teams. Participants:Participants included 615 elite hockey players 13 to 17 years old (mean = 15.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 15.4-15.6). There were 517 males and 98 females. Players with English as a second language… 
Investigating Effects of Sex Differences and Prior Concussions on Symptom Reporting and Cognition Among Adolescent Soccer Players
TLDR
Cognitive test performance was not associated with concussion history but was associated with sex, age, learning disability, ADHD, and prior mental health problems, and greater symptom reporting was more strongly associated with psychiatric problems, older age, Learning disability, substance abuse, headaches, being female, and ADHD than with a history of multiple concussions.
Psychosocial Outcomes of Sport Concussions in Youth Hockey Players.
TLDR
Results suggest smaller percentage of youth may be more prone to psychological sequelae following concussion, compared with other groups where effect sizes were medium to large.
Sex-Based Differences as a Predictor of Recovery Trajectories in Young Athletes After a Sports-Related Concussion
TLDR
Although female athletes in the current study reported increased symptoms, identical recovery patterns were observed in both sexes, suggesting that sex-based differences in concussion recovery are better explained by increased symptom frequency among female athletes when compared with their male counterparts.
Multiple Past Concussions in High School Football Players
TLDR
In the largest study to date, high school football players with multiple past concussions performed the same on cognitive testing as those with no prior concussions and concussion history was one of several factors that were independently related to symptom reporting.
Multiple Past Concussions in High School Hockey Players: Examining Cognitive Functioning and Symptom Reporting
  • G. Iverson, N. Cook, B. Brooks
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
  • 2020
TLDR
Investigating baseline preseason cognitive functioning or symptom reporting between high school ice hockey players with and without prior concussions and determining which health history variables predict symptom reporting found health history factors were more strongly associated with symptom reporting than concussion history.
Sex, race, ADHD, and prior concussions as predictors of concussion recovery in adolescents
TLDR
Predictors of protracted recovery were ADHD, prior concussion, migraine history, learning disabilities/attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, and concussion history, and demographic factors that predict concussion recovery times.
Sex Differences and Self-Reported Attention Problems During Baseline Concussion Testing
TLDR
When considering the assessment, management, and outcome from concussions in adolescent athletes, it is important to consider both sex and preinjury attention problems regarding cognitive test results and symptom reporting.
Cerebral blood flow in children and adolescents several years after concussion
TLDR
Youth with a history of concussion demonstrate differences in regional CBF (not global CBF), but without clear clinical expression, which is not associated with demographics, pre-injury functioning, number of concussions, time since injury, post-concussive symptoms, psychological symptoms, or cognitive abilities.
Differences in Symptom Reporting Between Males and Females at Baseline and After a Sports-Related Concussion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
The findings suggest that symptomatic presentation during an individual female’s menstrual cycle needs to be taken into consideration post-concussion when making return-to-play decisions, as returning to a completely asymptomatic level may not be a reasonable expectation.
Factors Associated With Concussion-like Symptom Reporting in High School Athletes.
TLDR
In the absence of a recent concussion, symptom reporting is related to sex and preexisting conditions and consideration of sex and pre-existing health conditions can help prevent misinterpretation of symptoms in student athletes who sustain a concussion.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Sex differences in outcome following sports-related concussion.
TLDR
Female athletes had significantly greater declines in simple and complex reaction times relative to preseason baseline levels, and they reported more postconcussion symptoms compared with males, suggesting return-to-play decisions and concussion management must be objective and made on an individual basis.
Subjective, but not objective, lingering effects of multiple past concussions in adolescents.
TLDR
Adolescent athletes with one or two or more prior concussions did not have significantly worse neurocognitive functioning on ImPACT than did those with no previous concussions, and there were not group differences in neuroc cognitive functioning using this brief computerized battery.
The Role of Concussion History and Gender in Recovery from Soccer-Related Concussion
TLDR
A history of concussion and gender may account for significant differences in postconcussive neurocognitive test scores in soccer players and may play a role in determining recovery.
Athletes’ Age, Sex, and Years of Education Moderate the Acute Neuropsychological Impact of Sports-Related Concussion: A Meta-analysis
TLDR
Pre-existing athlete characteristics, particularly age, sex and education, were demonstrated to be significant modifiers of neuropsychological outcomes within 10 days of a sports-related concussion.
Prolonged Effects of Concussion in High School Athletes
TLDR
There seem to be subtle yet significant prolonged neuropsychological effects in youth athletes with a history of two or more previous concussions, suggesting that athletes with lower grade point averages may be more prone to concussion.
The Role of Age and Sex in Symptoms, Neurocognitive Performance, and Postural Stability in Athletes After Concussion
TLDR
The results of the current study supported age differences in memory and sex differences in memories and symptoms and an interaction between age and sex on postural stability after concussion that warrant consideration from clinicians and researchers when interpreting symptoms, specific components of NCT, and postural Stability tests.
Possible Lingering Effects of Multiple Past Concussions
TLDR
The results suggest that some athletes with multiple concussions could have lingering memory deficits, and may perform more poorly on neuropsychological testing or report more subjective symptoms during a baseline, preseason evaluation.
No cumulative effects for one or two previous concussions
TLDR
There was no measurable effect of one or two previous concussions on athletes’ preseason neuropsychological test performance or symptom reporting and the cumulative effect was very small and undetectable using this methodology.
Sex differences in baseline neuropsychological function and concussion symptoms of collegiate athletes
TLDR
Female athletes endorsed a significant number of mild baseline symptoms as compared to male athletes, and male and female athletes exhibit differences on baseline neuropsychological test performance and concussion symptoms.
Sex differences in concussion symptoms of high school athletes.
TLDR
The types of symptoms reported differed between sexes after sport-related concussion, but symptom resolution time and return-to-play timelines were similar.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...