Identification of nevadensin as an important herb-based constituent inhibiting estragole bioactivation and physiology-based biokinetic modeling of its possible in vivo effect.
The contribution of DNA adduct formation in the carcinogenic action of the mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) has been subject to much debate. Recently, a carbon-bonded ochratoxin A-2'-deoxyguanosine adduct (dGuoOTA) formed by photochemical reaction in vitro has been shown by 32P-postlabeling/TLC to comigrate with a spot detected in DNA isolated from rat and pig kidney following exposure to OTA. Considering the large body of evidence arguing against covalent DNA binding of OTA and the poor resolution and specificity of postlabeling analysis, we developed a stable isotope dilution LC-MS/MS method to analyze dGuoOTA in kidney DNA isolated from rats treated with OTA. dGuoOTA and nitrogen-15-labeled dGuoOTA (15N(5)-dGuoOTA) were prepared by photoirradiation of OTA in the presence of dGuo or nitrogen-15-labeled dGuo. Conditions for DNA hydrolysis were optimized using a synthetic oligonucleotide containing dGuoOTA to ensure complete release of dGuoOTA. The LOD of the method (S/N > 3) was 10 fmol dGuoOTA on-column. However, dGuoOTA was not detected in DNA samples isolated from male F344 rats treated with OTA for up to 90 days at doses known to cause renal tumor formation. Detection limits, calculated for each individual sample based on the absolute LOD and the amount of DNA injected, were as low as 3.5 dGuoOTA/10(9) nucleotides. These data are consistent with previous results showing lack of DNA adduct formation by OTA and demonstrate that dGuoOTA is not formed in biologically relevant amounts under physiological conditions in vivo.