Fetoscopic coverage of experimental myelomeningocele in sheep using a patch with surgical sealant.
Myelomeningocele (MM) is a congenital neural tube defect with serious consequences, including hydrocephaly. An important hope for intrauterine repair is that hydrocephaly may be prevented by reversing the Arnold-Chiari malformation. Three medical centers in the United States are doing trials with this objective. We describe an intrauterine correction of MM in a Brazilian research center of fetal medicine, which resulted in abruptio placentae and fetal death, to illustrate factors that influence fetal-maternal risks during this surgical procedure.