Above and Below the Water: Social/Ecological Transformation in Northwest Newfoundland

@article{Hamilton2004AboveAB,
  title={Above and Below the Water: Social/Ecological Transformation in Northwest Newfoundland},
  author={Lawrence C. Hamilton and Richard L. Haedrich and Cynthia M. Duncan},
  journal={Population and Environment},
  year={2004},
  volume={25},
  pages={195-215}
}
Marine fisheries and fishing societies develop around the resources provided by a particular ecosystem. As they exploit these resources, fisheries transform the ecosystem, which pushes fishery and society to adapt in turn. This process is illustrated by fisheries, ecological and social data tracking dramatic changes on Newfoundland's Northern Peninsula and its adjacent marine ecosystem, the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. There a longstanding fishery for cod and other groundfish collapsed in the… 

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