author={Patricia A. Lohr and Mary Fjerstad and Upeka DeSilva and Richard John Lyus},
  journal={BMJ : British Medical Journal},
Abortion is the removal of the embryo or fetus [5] from the womb [6], before birth can occur—either naturally or by induced labor. Prenatal development occurs in three stages: the zygote [7], or fertilized egg [8]; the embryo, from post-conception [9] to eight weeks; and the fetus [5], from eight weeks after conception [9] until the baby is born. After abortion [10], the infant does not and cannot live. Spontaneous abortion [10] is the loss of the infant naturally or accidentally, without the… 
Candida albicans and Abortion
  • H. K. Hussein
  • Medicine, Biology
    Candida albicans [Working Title]
  • 2021
Several scientific researches showed the significance of VVC as an inducer of abortion, candida chorioamnionitis, subsequent preterm delivery, and immunosuppression.
Higher ꞵ-human chorionic gonadotropin and estrogen levels during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy are associated with threatened abortion.
The associations of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), estrogen, and progesterone levels with threatened abortion have not been fully studied. Eighty women with threatened abortion were recruited
Ultrasound in Prediction of Threatened Abortion in Early Pregnancy: A clinical Study
The sonographic findings have a prognostic value that interacts with other clinical and maternal factors analyzed and include irregular wall of gestational sac, perigestational hemorrhage and embryonic bradycardia.
Clashes of consensus: on the problem of both justifying abortion of fetuses with Down syndrome and rejecting infanticide
The article concludes by making some preliminary remarks about how one might manage the situation posed by the argument by referring to the differences between the moral status of the fetus versus the infant and the act of infanticide.
Successful pregnancy in a patient suffering from recurrent mid‐trimester miscarriage with C9 deficiency after receiving cervical cerclage followed by clindamycin and progesterone: A case report
It is suggested that an immunologic disorder such as C9 deficiency should be considered as a potential complication of undiagnosed recurrent miscarriages.
Induced Abortion in a Ghanaian Family
  • W. Bleek
  • Economics
    African Studies Review
  • 1978
There is considerable evidence that induced abortions account for a great deal of the decline in birth rate or slowing down of the growth in birth rate in a number of countries such as Japan, the
Pregnancy outcome in women with early pregnancy bleeding in a tertiary health care facility in Southwestern, Nigeria
  • A. Olugbenga
  • Medicine
    Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
  • 2019
The outcome of this study showed that bleeding in early pregnancy, especially during the second trimester or recurrent bleeding in both the first and thesecond trimesters correlates with poor pregnancy outcomes.
Judaism, Human Dignity and the Most Vulnerable Women on Earth
  • Y. Barilan
  • Medicine
    The American journal of bioethics : AJOB
  • 2009
Those whose lives are endangered by pregnancy, and those entrapped by enforced sex may be saved and redeemed by Jewish teachings on contraceptives, the post-coital pill and abortion, all of which are prohibited by the Catholic Church.
The Scourge: Moral Implications of Natural Embryo Loss
  • Toby Ord
  • Philosophy
    The American journal of bioethics : AJOB
  • 2008
It is shown that from the moment of conception embryos have the same moral status as adult humans, which leads directly to an unexpected and unwelcome conclusion: that natural embryo loss is one of the greatest problems of their time and that the authors must do almost everything in their power to prevent it.


Medical abortion and the risk of subsequent adverse pregnancy outcomes.
It is found that a previous medical abortion, as compared with a previous surgical abortion, increases the risk of spontaneous abortion, ectopic pregnancy, preterm birth, or low birth weight, and Gestational age at medical abortion was not significantly associated with any of these adverse outcomes.
Management of Unintended and Abnormal Pregnancy: Comprehensive Abortion Care
The past two decades have brought important advances in abortion care as well as increasing cross-disciplinary use of abortion technologies in women's health care, and fetal reduction techniques are now well-integrated into infertility treatment to reduce the risks of multiple pregnancies resulting from assisted reproductive technologies.
Abortions That Fail
In this study of 33,090 suction curettage abortions performed at less than or equal to 12 weeks' gestation, the rate of unrecognized failed abortions was 2.3 per 1000 abortions. Women with one or
Immediate postabortal insertion of intrauterine devices.
In large multicenter trials, the TCu 220C device proved superior to either the Lippes Loop D or the Copper 7 IUDs for immediate postabortal insertion and the levonorgestrel-releasing device was more effective in preventing pregnancy than was the Nova T.
Is Rh immune globulin needed in early first-trimester abortion? A review.
The existing medical literature is reviewed to assess the risks of fetomaternal hemorrhage and Rh isoimmunization after complications of a first-trimester pregnancy, induced abortion, or ectopic pregnancy.
Prevention of infection after induced abortion
  • Medicine
  • 2011
Prophylactic efficacy of antibiotics begun after abortion has not been demonstrated in controlled trials, and the current evidence supports pre-procedure but not post-Procedure antibiotics for the purpose of prophylaxis.