Abnormal nocturnal heart rate variability response among chronic kidney disease and dialysis patients during wakefulness and sleep.


BACKGROUND Dialysis patients and patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience a substantial risk for abnormal autonomic function and abnormal heart rate variability (HRV). It remains unknown whether HRV changes across sleep stages in patients with different severity of CKD or dialysis dependency. We hypothesized that high-frequency (HF) HRV (vagal… (More)
DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfq234


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