Abnormal baroreceptor-mediated vasopressin release as possible marker in early diagnosis of multiple system atrophy.


BACKGROUND Although autonomic failure (AF) is a critical symptom of multiple system atrophy (MSA), it may not appear until late in the disease process. OBJECTIVES To clarify whether a detailed investigation of the autonomic nervous system in patients with MSA without overt AF demonstrates latent lesions of central cardiovascular control circuits and… (More)


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