Abiotic pollen and pollination: Ecological, functional, and evolutionary perspectives

@article{Ackerman2004AbioticPA,
  title={Abiotic pollen and pollination: Ecological, functional, and evolutionary perspectives},
  author={Josef Daniel Ackerman},
  journal={Plant Systematics and Evolution},
  year={2004},
  volume={222},
  pages={167-185}
}
  • J. Ackerman
  • Published 1 March 2000
  • Environmental Science
  • Plant Systematics and Evolution
The transport and capture of pollen in ~20% of all angiosperm families occurs in air and water. In other words, pollination is abiotic and occurs via the fluid media, not an animal vector. Whereas some early concepts considered abiotic pollination to be largely a stochastic phenomenon, there is sufficient evidence to indicate that wind pollination (i.e. anemophily) and water pollination (i.e. hydrophily) have deterministic features and are sophisticated fluid dynamic solutions to the problem of… 
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