For the development of fluorescent sensors, one of the key points is choosing the sensitive material. In this article, we aim at evaluating, under strictly identical experimental conditions, the performance of three materials for the detection of dinitrotoluene (a volatile marker of trinitrotoluene) through different parameters: response time, fluorescence intensity, sensitivity, reversibility, reaction after successive exposures and long-term stability. The results are discussed according to the nature of the sensitive materials. This first study rendered it possible to select a conjugated molecule as the best sensitive material for the development of a lab-made prototype. In a second part, the selectivity of this particular sensitive material was studied and its ability to detect TNT could be demonstrated.