Ability and Mathematics: The Mindset Revolution that Is Reshaping Education.

@article{Boaler2013AbilityAM,
  title={Ability and Mathematics: The Mindset Revolution that Is Reshaping Education.},
  author={Jo Boaler},
  journal={The Forum},
  year={2013},
  volume={55},
  pages={143-152}
}
Recent scientific evidence demonstrates both the incredible potential of the brain to grow and change and the powerful impact of growth mindset messages upon students’ attainment. Schooling practices, however, particularly in England, are based upon notions of fixed ability thinking which limits students’ attainment and increases inequality. This article reviews evidence for brain plasticity, the importance of mindset and the ways that mindset messages may be communicated through classroom and 

Figures from this paper

Growth Mindset in Computational Thinking Teaching and Teacher Training
TLDR
Interventions to stimulate "CS growth mindset" in students and their teachers are fundamental and worth CS education research.
Positive Education and Teaching for Productive Disposition in Mathematics
The Australian Curriculum: Mathematics defines four proficiency strands. The work from which they are drawn includes a fifth proficiency (productive disposition) that relates to students’ propensity
Investigating Mindset Theories: The Implications for Classroom Instruction and Professional Development
School districts hold innate ability and aptitude at a very high regard (Resnick & Hall, 1998). In contrast, more than thirty years of research show that a focus on effort—not intelligence or innate
Study of the effect of whole-school versus intensive mindset intervention on mindset scores and teacher-rated effort in English and Mathematics.
The current thesis reports an empirical investigation into the effect of a whole-school approach to developing a growth mindset using methods such as, whole school assemblies and teacher training.
More Than Growth Mindset: Individual and Interactive Links Among Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Adolescents' Ability Mindsets, Metacognitive Skills, and Math Engagement.
TLDR
It is suggested that metacognitive skills may be necessary for students to realize their growth mindset and growth mindsets should be promoted together to capitalize on the mutually reinforcing effects of each, especially among students in socioeconomically disadvantaged schools.
Bilingual Cognition and Growth Mindset: A Review of Cognitive Flexibility and Its Implications for Dual-Language Education
The United States has seen an increase in cultural and linguistic diversity of student populations. Policy makers have looked toward existing research in dual language education, alternative
Can Creative Computing Foster Growth Mindset?
TLDR
The effects of an introductory course about computational thinking and creative computing with Scratch are analyzed, and a statistically significant increase of pre-service teachers’ growth mindset is observed while observing a statisticallysignificant decrease in their computer anxiety.
Pre-service Mathematics Teacher Beliefs and Growth Mindset Assessment Practices
Pre-service Mathematics Teacher Beliefs and Growth Mindset Assessment Practices Brandie E. Waid Research from the fields of psychology and education suggests that a student’s mindset (beliefs about
Growth mindset in the maths classroom: a key to teachers’ well-being and effectiveness
ABSTRACT The present study evaluated the effects of a programdesigned to promote a growth mindset in maths teachers (i.e., the belief that maths ability can improve through experience and learning)
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Reform of High School Mathematics and Science and Opportunity to Learn
This brief concerns the nature of the high school mathematics and science curriculum in the United States. It draws from a large study which documented instructional practices and content using novel
"The blue table means you don't have a clue": the persistence of fixed-ability thinking and practices in primary mathematics in English schools
The use of structured ability grouping is increasing in English primary schools and is regularly seen in primary mathematics classrooms. Ability is a normalised discourse with beliefs that some
Mindset: The New Psychology of Success
Every so often a truly groundbreaking idea comes along. This is one. Mindset explains: Why brains and talent don’t bring success How they can stand in the way of it Why praising brains and talent
Ability Grouping in Mathematics Classrooms: A Bourdieuian Analysis.
Why are some students more likely to succeed in or fail school mathematics than their peers, in spite of similar learning opportunities? Frequently such differences have been framed within liberal or
Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: a longitudinal study and an intervention.
TLDR
The role of implicit theories of intelligence in adolescents' mathematics achievement was explored and an intervention teaching an incremental theory to 7th graders promoted positive change in classroom motivation, compared with a control group.
Students' Experiences of Ability Grouping—disaffection, polarisation and the construction of failure†
This paper reports findings from the first two years of a four-year longitudinal study into the ways that students' attitudes towards, and achievement in, mathematics are influenced by
Classes, groups and transitions: structures for teaching and learning
TLDR
The report distinguishes between grouping at the class and within-class levels, and argues that the latter is likely to be more important for pupils’ educational attainments, behaviour and attitudes to schooling.
Tell me with whom you're learning, and I'll tell you how much you've learned: Mixed-ability versus same-ability grouping in mathematics
In this article we report on 3 studies in which we investigated the effects of teaching mathematics in a mixed-ability setting on students' achievements and teachers' attitudes. The findings of the
The 'Psychological Prisons' from which They Never Escaped: the role of ability grouping in reproducing social class inequalities
Anabelle Dixon's recent editorial (2002) revealed that 88% of children placed into sets or streams at age 4 remain in the same groupings until they leave school. This is one of the most chilling
...
...