During examination of the positional relationships between the lateral pterygoid and the temporalis muscles and the innervating nerves, an aberrant muscle was observed in three of 66 head halves. The aberrant muscle originated from the medial surface of the anteromedial muscle bundle of the temporalis (Shimokawa et al. 1998, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 20:329-334) and inserted into the inferolateral surface of the lower head of the lateral pterygoid. Due to its location, origin and insertion this aberrant muscle slip is considered to correspond to the pterygoideus proprius described by Henle (1858, Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen). Based on the innervation findings, the present aberrant muscle might be considered as a remnant muscle bundle between the anteromedial muscle bundle of the temporalis and the lateral pterygoid during differentiation of the lateral masticatory muscle anlage.