Abducens nerve is present in patients with type 2 Duane's retraction syndrome.

@article{Kim2012AbducensNI,
  title={Abducens nerve is present in patients with type 2 Duane's retraction syndrome.},
  author={Jae Hyoung Kim and Jeong-Min Hwang},
  journal={Ophthalmology},
  year={2012},
  volume={119 2},
  pages={
          403-6
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the abducens nerve is present in patients with type 2 Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS). DESIGN Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS Twelve consecutive patients diagnosed with type 2 DRS. METHODS A retrospective review of medical records of ophthalmologic examination and thin-sectioned magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the brainstem level and the orbit was performed on 12 patients who showed the typical signs of type 2 DRS, including… Expand
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TLDR
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MRI is a useful diagnostic tool for the confirmation and classification of suspected cases of Duane's ocular retraction syndrome and each type of DRS has characteristic MRI appearances. Expand
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TLDR
In DRS patients with an absent abducens nerve, the oculomotor nerve diameter was thicker in the affected eye compared to the non-affected eye and was associated with MR and LR volumes in the absent group. Expand
Association of lateral rectus muscle volume and ocular motility with the abducens nerve in Duane’s retraction syndrome
TLDR
A smaller LR volume and more limitation of abduction in the affected eye were predictive of an absent abducens nerve in DRS, and the ratio of paretic/normal side (P/N) LR volume showed a positive correlation. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The absence of abducens and facial nerves on MR imaging was mostly correlated with the findings of facial palsy and abduction limitation in patients with Möbius syndrome. Expand
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TLDR
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[Sensory and motor clinical presentation of congenital retraction syndromes: Stilling-Duane and Brown syndrome].
TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The abducens nerve on the affected side was absent in type 1 D RS patients and some type 3 DRS patients, but present in type 2 DRS Patients as well as in some type 2 and type 3DRS patients. Expand
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Results show that aplasia of the VI nerve can also be seen in DRS type II resulting in new insight of the pathogenesis of this clinical entity. Expand
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TLDR
MR imaging is useful for the differential diagnosis of abduction deficit of the eyeball in pediatric patients and the absence of the abducens nerve suggests DRS strongly in children with abduction deficit. Expand
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A woman with horizontal gaze palsy that seemed to result from DRS meets the criteria of DRS given the non-progressive involvement of gaze palsies, additional limitation of abduction in one eye, and the absence of abducens nerve as demonstrated by MRI. Expand
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TLDR
A case of Duane syndrome type II is presented, in which severe hypoplasia of the abducens nerve was revealed on high-resolution MRI. Expand
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TLDR
This case demonstrates that DRS should be considered in every patient with an abduction limitation even with sudden onset diplopia in adulthood, and presents a patient with DRS who showed a remarkable discrepancy in abduction between upgaze and downgaze. Expand
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TLDR
In both patients with CFEOM and synergistic divergence, the oculomotor nerve was hypoplastic bilaterally, and the abducens nerve was absent on the side exhibiting synergistic convergence. Expand
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TLDR
A patient who recognized diplopia and abduction deficit following an ophthalmologic examination after head trauma was found to have no abducens nerve, and was diagnosed as having Duane's retraction syndrome. Expand
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TLDR
MRI was used to verify the pathology of the extraocular muscles as well as the cranial nerves in three patients with congenital oculomotor nerve palsy and showed normal right and left oculmotor nerves and slightly atrophic right inferior rectus. Expand
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Congenital superior oblique palsy with superior oblic hypoplasia also can be classified as a CCDD by the MRI documentation of congenital aplasia of the trochlear nerve. Expand
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