Abdominal Aortic Intimal Flap Motion Characterization in Acute Aortic Dissection: Assessed with Retrospective ECG-Gated Thoracoabdominal Aorta Dual-Source CT Angiography

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To evaluate the feasibility of dose-modulated retrospective ECG-gated thoracoabdominal aorta CT angiography (CTA) assessing abdominal aortic intimal flap motion and investigate the motion characteristics of intimal flap in acute aortic dissection (AAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS 49 patients who had thoracoabdominal aorta retrospective ECG-gated CTA scan were enrolled. 20 datasets were reconstructed in 5% steps between 0 and 95% of the R-R interval in each case. The aortic intimal flap motion was assessed by measuring the short axis diameters of the true lumen and false lumen 2 cm above of celiac trunk ostium in different R-R intervals. Intimal flap motion and configuration was assessed by two independent observers. RESULTS In these 49 patients, 37 had AAD, 7 had intramural hematoma, and 5 had negative result for acute aortic disorder. 620 datasets of 31 patients who showed double lumens in abdominal aorta were enrolled in evaluating intimal flap motion. The maximum and minimum true lumen diameter were 12.2 ± 4.1 mm (range 2.6 ∼ 17.4) and 6.7 ± 4.1 mm (range 0 ∼ 15.3) respectively. The range of intimal flap motion in all patients was 5.5 ± 2.6 mm (range 1.8 ∼ 10.2). The extent of maximum true lumen diameter decreased during a cardiac cycle was 49.5% ± 23.5% (range 12% ∼ 100%). The maximum motion phase of true lumen diameter was in systolic phase (5% ∼ 40% of R-R interval). Maximum and minimum intimal flap motion was at 15% and 75% of the R-R interval respectively. Intimal flap configuration had correlation with the phase of cardiac cycle. CONCLUSIONS Abdominal intimal flap position and configuration varied greatly during a cardiac cycle. Retrospective ECG-gated thoracoabdominal aorta CTA can reflect the actual status of the true lumen and provide more information about true lumen collapse. This information may be helpful to diagnosis and differential diagnosis of dynamic abstraction.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087664

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@inproceedings{Yang2014AbdominalAI, title={Abdominal Aortic Intimal Flap Motion Characterization in Acute Aortic Dissection: Assessed with Retrospective ECG-Gated Thoracoabdominal Aorta Dual-Source CT Angiography}, author={Shifeng Yang and Xia Li and Baoting Chao and Lebin Wu and Zhaoping Cheng and Yanhua Duan and Dawei Wu and Yiqiang Zhan and Jiuhong Chen and Bo Liu and Xiaopeng Ji and Pei Nie and Ximing Wang}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2014} }