Ab initio calculation of the Hoyle state.

  title={Ab initio calculation of the Hoyle state.},
  author={Evgeny Epelbaum and Hermann Krebs and Dean Lee and Ulf-G. Mei{\ss}ner},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={106 19},
The Hoyle state plays a crucial role in the helium burning of stars heavier than our Sun and in the production of carbon and other elements necessary for life. This excited state of the carbon-12 nucleus was postulated by Hoyle as a necessary ingredient for the fusion of three alpha particles to produce carbon at stellar temperatures. Although the Hoyle state was seen experimentally more than a half century ago nuclear theorists have not yet uncovered the nature of this state from first… Expand
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