ATP-regulated K+ channels in cardiac muscle

@article{Noma1983ATPregulatedKC,
  title={ATP-regulated K+ channels in cardiac muscle},
  author={Akinori Noma},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1983},
  volume={305},
  pages={147-148}
}
  • A. Noma
  • Published 8 September 1983
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature
An outward current of unknown nature increases significantly when cardiac cells are treated with cyanide or subjected to hypoxia1–4, and decreases on intracellular injection of ATP5. We report here that application of the patch-clamp technique to CN-treated mammalian heart cells reveals specific K+ channels which are depressed by intracellular ATP (ATPi) at levels greater than 1 mM. For these channels, conductance in the outward direction is much larger than the inward rectifier K+ channel… 
Properties of cardiac ATP-sensitive potassium channels
It has long been known that the cardiac action potential shortens during ischemia or hypoxia and that this shortening results primarily from an increased potassium conductance [1]. About ten years
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether the K+ATP channel itself is intrinsically altered by the processes associated with metabolic impairment, and found that in metabolically inhibited myocytes elevated [Ca2+]i acted indirectly.
Regulation of K+ channels in cardiac myocytes by free fatty acids.
TLDR
Since the level of free fatty acids rises after longer periods of ischemia, it is speculated that the ATP-insensitive K+ channel contributes to the late or secondary phase of extracellular K+ accumulation.
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TLDR
It is hypothesized that sarcolemma-associated glycolytic enzymes may be important in maintaining a high local cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio in the vicinity of KATP channels, where sarcolemmal ATPases are tending to depress the local ATP/ ADP ratio.
Therapeutic Potential of ATP-Sensitive K+ Channel Openers in Cardiac Ischemia
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Angiotensin II blocks ATP-sensitive K+ channels in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells.
  • Y. Miyoshi, Y. Nakaya
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • 1991
TLDR
ATP-sensitive K+ channels with small conductance in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells were highly active at physiological concentrations of Ca2+ even in the presence of physiological ATP levels, suggesting that these channels contribute to the generation of the resting membrane potential in vascular smooth Muscle cells and their modulation is important in controlling vasomotor tone.
The ATP-sensitive K+ channel
TLDR
A small conductance K+ channel, that is inactivated by ATP, was recently found in the inner membrane of rat liver mitochondria, which clearly indicates that a variety of K+ channels, showing ATP-sensitivity, are widely distributed.
ATP‐sensitive K channels in heart muscle Spare channels
TLDR
The results considerably widen the range of internal ATP concentrations over which one might expect activation of the ATP‐sensitive K+ current in cardiac myocytes.
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