author={James J. Aimers and Prudence M. Rice},
  journal={Ancient Mesoamerica},
  pages={79 - 96}
E-group architectural assemblages, constructed and used for more than a millennium in the Maya Lowlands, are among the most distinctive and enduring forms in Mesoamerican monumental architecture. Since the 1920s, E-groups have been thought to mark the solstices and equinoxes, but more recent investigations have shown that these alignments were rarely accurate. We argue that accurate solar alignment was probably only a minor element, and primarily an early one, of a larger set of metaphorically… 
Complex Societies in the Southern Maya Lowlands: Their Development and Florescence in the Archaeological Record
The evolution of sociopolitical complexity in the southern Maya lowlands is much discussed but as yet is incompletely resolved. Considerations are hampered by the fact that most early archaeological
Astronomical aspects of Group E-type complexes and implications for understanding ancient Maya architecture and urban planning
It is argued that E Groups, although built primarily for ritual purposes, were astronomically functional, but also that they had no specific or particularly prominent role in astronomical observations, and the evidence demonstrating that the astronomical orientations initially embedded in E Groups were later transferred to buildings and compounds of other types.
Middle Preclassic Interregional Interaction and the Maya Lowlands
The lowland Mayas are seldom mentioned in discussions of early Mesoamerican interactions, which commonly focus on the Gulf coast Olmecs. But such connections are evidenced by the occurrence of
Astronomy, Architecture, and Landscape in Prehispanic Mesoamerica
This article synthesizes recent advances in the study of astronomy and worldview in architectural and urban planning in Mesoamerica. Throughout most of this cultural area, the practice of orienting
Regroup On “E-Groups”: Monumentality and Early Centers in the Middle Preclassic Maya Lowlands
  • J. Doyle
  • History
    Latin American Antiquity
  • 2012
Abstract For nearly a century, scholars have used astronomical evidence to explain the Lowland Maya architectural type known as “E-Groups” as solar observatories and, by extension, as locations for
Myth, Ritual and Human Sacrifice in Early Classic Mesoamerica: Interpreting a Cremated Double Burial from Tikal, Guatemala
Human sacrifice in ancient Mesoamerica was strongly linked with ritual behaviour and mythical beliefs. Yet it is rarely possible to explain the mythical associations of archaeological deposits
Early Monumentality in the Belize River Valley: Excavations of a Preclassic E-Group at Cahal Pech, Belize
Recent investigations at Cahal Pech, Belize, documented a previously unrecognized Middle Preclassic (700–500 cal BC) E-Group complex. Located in an open public plaza, the monumental complex likely
The Southern Cities: Urban Archaeology in Pacific Guatemala and Eastern Soconusco, Mexico
Recent research is shedding light on the long and precocious urban tradition of the Pacific coastal rim of southeastern Mesoamerica, from eastern Soconusco, Mexico, to Escuintla, Guatemala. The
The afterlife of earthen-core buildings: A taphonomic study of threatened and effaced architecture in Central Belize
Buried architecture poses an interpretive challenge to field archaeologists the world over. The depositional sequence of the site must be reconstructed through excavation and stratigraphic analysis,
The Triadic Causeways of Ichmul: Virtual Highways Becoming Actual Roads
  • J. Normark
  • History
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2008
Cosmological models are common in Mayanist settlement studies. In such models, causeways are often said to follow various cosmological principles that are more or less the same from the Middle


The Reigning Dynasty of Uaxactun During the Early Classic: The rulers and the ruled
From the Preclassic on, architectural complexes with defined functions were built in the Maya lowlands as a reflection of societal complexity and of the centralization of power in the hands of a
Maya Calendar Reform? Evidence from Orientations of Specialized Architectural Assemblages
Abstract Long before they devised a written calendar, the Maya articulated their seasons by means of an “orientation calendar” that consisted of visual alignments involving their architecture. One
The Stucco Decoration and Architectural Assemblage of Structure 1-sub, Dzibilchaltun, Yucatan, Mexico. Clemency Coggins, Middle American Research Institute Publication 49, Tulane University, New Orleans, 1983. vii + 70 pp., illus., appendix, references. $15.00 (paper)
research design was conditioned by a salvage context. The system was mapped extensively, with the greatest detail in those areas that had been cleared. Selected portions of the system were tested for
Astronomy, Cosmovisión, and Ideology in Pre‐Hispanic Mesoamerica
HE INTENT OF this article is to contribute a few considerations from T the fields of ethnohistory and anthropology to the interdisciplinary approach of this volume. The point of departure for this
Un reencuentro con Mundo Perido, Tikal, Guatemala
Data are presented from archaeological excavations conducted by the Institute de Antropologia e Historia (IDEAH) in the Mundo Perdido architectural complex, Tikal, Guatemala, from 1979 to 1984. After
Kingship in the Late Preclassic Maya Lowlands: The Instruments and Places of Ritual Power
The Maya of Central America constitute the only truly literate pre-Columbian civilization. Analysis of ancient Maya hieroglyphic texts and accompanying images dating from the Classic period (A.D.
The Shape of Time: Some Political Implications of a Four-Part Figure
Four-part figures equal cyclic completion in ancient Mesoamerica, but they do not necessarily correspond to the cardinal directions; they refer, rather, to four-place cycles within the apparent
A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya
The mystique of the pre-Columbian Maya has prompted much speculation about the nature of this sophisticated people. With the breaking of their elaborate hieroglyphic code, Schele and Freidel, Mayan
Archaeoastronomy in the Ancient Americas
Since its popular resurgence in the 1960s, the interdisciplinary field of archaeoastronomy, which seeks evidence from the written as well as the unwritten record to shed light on the nature and
Culture Areas and Interaction Spheres: Contrasting Approaches to the Emergence of Civilization in the Maya Lowlands
Recently several models have been proposed for the origin and evolution of lowland Maya civilization. These models share a basic spatial framework, the culture area, which is logically tied to a