author={David M. Farrell and Richard S. Katz},
  pages={13 - 26}
For an electoral system that is so rarely used, the Single Transferable Vote is prone to considerable variation both in its mechanics and in how parties and voters operate strategically under it. The objective of this article is to examine how such variations can affect the proportionality of electoral outcomes. Our findings indicate that they can have quite powerful impacts. 

The Senate Results

Of Australia’s 45 House of Representatives elections, 39, including the 2016 election, have been conducted in conjunction with an election for the Senate.1 The battle for government in the House of

The challenge of reforming a ‘voter-friendly’ electoral system: the debates over Ireland’s single transferable vote

ABSTRACT In the 2011 Irish general election, held in the midst of the economic crisis, electoral reform was catapulted to the top of the agenda, with all of the political parties including proposals

Progress or Tokenism? Female Candidate Selection by Parties in Local Elections under an Informal Quota Regime

Why do political parties support the introduction of legislated gender quota and then fail to implement them? Drawing on a rational choice approach, some claim that deputies only vote for such quotas

Ballot structure, district magnitude and descriptive representation: the case of New Zealand local council elections

ABSTRACT It is sometimes claimed that the use of preferential voting facilitates more effective representation of under-represented groups than that generated by the first-past-the-post (FPP) system,

Variants of Ranked-Choice Voting from a Strategic Perspective

Ranked‐choice voting has come to mean a range of electoral systems. Broadly, they can facilitate (a) majority winners in single‐seat districts, (b) majority rule with minority representation in

Into the void: the collapse of Irish party democracy

ABSTRACT For most of the twentieth century the Irish party system was stable and unchanging, centred on Fianna Fáil, Europe’s most electorally successful political party. That system suddenly

John Stuart Mill and proportional representation. A misunderstanding

Mill scholars usually classify as ‘proportional’ the theory of political representation sustained by John Stuart Mill. However, Mill did not use the term ‘proportional’ in his texts, and ‘proportio...

Group Threat at the Ground Level: Support for Ethnically Radical Parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly

Ethnic settlement patterns and other forms of everyday interethnic social contact have the potential to influence voter preferences for ethnic tribune parties who position themselves as the most

Representative Query Results by Voting

This paper proposes a novel method of choosing a representative subset, called SimSTV, which draws inspiration from the field of voting theory, and presents an efficient algorithm, which overcomes and leverages the many differences between choosing answers in a database, and voting in a real-life election.



Australian electoral systems

This research report surveys the operation of three types of voting system – first past the post, preferential and proportional representation (single transferable vote) – in Australia. Despite

The Single Transferable Vote

The single transferable vote (STV) is a family of vote-counting procedures that use voters' rankings of candidates as input and achieve proportional representation. This paper compares STV with other

The Used Vote and Electoral Outcomes: The Irish General Election of 1977

In an earlier article in this Journal (‘The Used Vote and Electoral Outcomes: The Irish General Election of 1973’, V (1975), 363–83) we argued that in elections generally the critical concern of

Comparing Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Quotas, Thresholds, Paradoxes and Majorities

  • M. Gallagher
  • Political Science
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 1992
The relationship between electoral systems can be examined on a number of dimensions. Seat allocation methods are conveniently divided into two groups: those based on largest remainders and those

The Used Vote and Electoral Outcomes: The Irish General Election of 1973

  • Political Science, History
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 1975
In the 1969 Irish general election, the outgoing government party, Fianna Fail, was once again returned with a majority of seats in the Dail Eireann; it had been in power since 1957. All but one of

But How Many Candidates Should We Have in Donegal? Numbers of Nominees and Electoral Efficiency in Ireland

  • R. Katz
  • Economics
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 1981
When the results of an analysis fly in the face both of generally accepted theory and the practice of professional politicians, it is usually a good idea to reconsider whether the point is really

Analysing Structures of Party Preference in Electronic Voting Data

In the 2002 Irish general election, 138,011 voters cast their ballots electronically. Election officials published full sets of electronic ballots, including candidate rankings. This article analyses

Elections in Australia, Ireland, and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote: Reflections on an Embedded Institution

The Single Transferable Vote, or STV, is often seen in very positive terms by electoral reformers, yet relatively little is known about its actual workings beyond one or two specific settings. This

Party solidarity, exclusivity and inter-party relationships in Ireland, 1922-1977 - evidence of transfers

Precis: This paper presents an analysis of the transfer of lower preference votes at Irish general elections between 1922 and 1977, illustrating some features of the main Irish parties and of the