author={G. Volovik and T. Vachaspati},
  journal={International Journal of Modern Physics B},
We describe certain aspects of 3He and compare them to related aspects of the standard electroweak model of particle physics. We note various similarities in the order parameter structure, defect structure, interactions with fermions and anomalies in the two systems. Many issues in the condensed matter literature that are often confusing to the particle physics reader and vice versa are clarified. 
Non-Abelian Supercurrents and de Sitter Ground State in Electroweak Theory
We show that gauge symmetry breaking in the Weinberg-Salam model can be implemented by a mere change of variables and without any explicit gauge fixing. The change of variables entails the concept ofExpand
Fermi points and the Nambu sum rule in the polar phase of 3He
We discuss the polar phase of 3He, which is realized in the anisotropic aerogel. We consider it in the framework of the BCS model. In the absence of the spin–orbit interaction, this model predictsExpand
Cosmology, particle physics, and superfluid 3He
Many direct parallels connect superfluid3He with the field theories describing the physical vacuum, gauge fields and elementary fermions. Superfluid3He exhibits a variety of topological defects whichExpand
Axial anomaly in 3He-A: Simulation of baryogenesis and generation of primordial magnetic field in Manchester and Helsinki
The gapless fermionic excitations in superfluid 3He-A have a "relativistic" spectrum close to the gap nodes. They are the counterpart of the chiral particles (left-handed and right-handed) in highExpand
Field theory in superfluid 3He: what are the lessons for particle physics, gravity, and high-temperature superconductivity?
  • G. Volovik
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1999
High-temperature superconductors are believed to belong to class 4, which has gapless fermionic quasiparticles with a "relativistic" spectrum close to gap nodes, which allows application of ideas developed for superfluid 3He-A. Expand
Gravity of monopole and string and the gravitational constant in 3He-A
We discuss the effective metric produced in superfluid 3He-A by such topological objects as the radial disgyration and monopole. In relativistic theories these metrics are similar to that of theExpand
Flow instability in 3He-A as analog of generation of hypermagnetic field in early Universe
It is now well-recognized that the Universe may behave like a condensed matter system in which several phase transitions have taken place. Superconductors and the superfluid phases of 3He areExpand
The continuum limit and integer-valued vacuum charge
We consider a topologically trivial field theory defined in a large box of size L and exploit the enumeration of states to point out that the vacuum charge is integral, contrary to what a commonlyExpand
Fermi points and the Nambu sum rule in the polar phase of He, "Письма в Журнал экспериментальной и теоретической физики"
We discuss the polar phase of He, which is realized in the anisotropic aerogel. We consider it in the framework of the BCS model. In the absence of the spin orbit interaction this model predicts theExpand
Momentum creation by vortices in superfluid 3He as a model of primordial baryogenesis
The Universe contains much more matter than antimatter, which is probably the result of processes in the early Universe in which baryon number was not conserved. These processes may have occurredExpand


Exotic Properties of Superfluid 3He
Broken symmetry in 3He superfluid phases Bose and Fermi excitations of the supefluid vacuum many-fluid dynamics and quantum field theory topological objects momentum-space topology and quantizationExpand
The superfluid phases of liquid 3He
Abstract After introductory remarks the recent discovery of the superfluid phases of 3He is described. This is followed by a discussion of the P, T-diagram below 3 mK. NMR and susceptibilityExpand
Cosmic Strings and Other Topological Defects
Preface 1. Introduction 2. Phase transitions in the early universe 3. Topological defects 4. String field theory 5. Superconducting strings 6. String dynamics 7. String gravity 8. String interactionsExpand
Fermion production in the background of Minkowski space classical solutions in spontaneously broken gauge theory.
This work investigates fermion production in the background of Minkowski space solutions to the equations of motion of SU(2) gauge theory spontaneously broken via the Higgs mechanism and finds that for solutions {ital Q} is not well defined as an integral over all space-time. Expand
Gauge Theory of Elementary Particle Physics
Ta-Pei Cheng and Ling-Fong Li 1984 Clarendon Press: Oxford University Press xi + 536 pp price £35 (£15 paperback) ISBN 0 19 851956 7 Hdbk, 0 19 851961 3Pbk This book is an excellent summary of gaugeExpand
Phase diagram of vortices in superfluid 3He-A.
This work identifies with NMR the type of vortex which is nucleated during cooling from the normal to the superfluid phase, and slow transitions are found to reproduce the calculated equilibrium state. Expand
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