AO 1535 inhibits O2- production by human macrophages.


AO 1535 is a semisynthetic monoglycosylceramide derived from O-glycosilated sphingosine, with a chemical structure similar to the glycolipids present in many mammalian tissues. In the epidermis monoglycosylceramides contribute to consolidate the structure of cutaneous layers. It has been recently shown that sphingosine and its derivatives are potent inhibitors of Protein kinase C, and block the 'respiratory burst' of phagocitic cells. In macrophages, like in neutrophils, the reactive oxygen intermediates are produced by a membrane associated enzymatic complex, NADPH-oxidase, which is activated by Protein kinase C. This study demonstrates that AO 1535 is able to inhibit the production of reactive oxygen intermediates in human monocytes and macrophages stimulated by phorbol ester and chemotactic tetrapeptide, suggesting a potential clinical application of AO 1535 in the treatment of inflammatory dermatoses.

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@article{Spampinato1992AO1I, title={AO 1535 inhibits O2- production by human macrophages.}, author={Giuseppina Spampinato and Lisa Messina and Lucia Malaguarnera and Antonio Arcidiacono and Michelle A Giuffrida and E Guarniera and Ernesto Geremia and A J Rastrelli and Andrea Dario Messina}, journal={Immunopharmacology}, year={1992}, volume={24 1}, pages={25-30} }