AN EQUILIBRIUM THEORY OF INSULAR ZOOGEOGRAPHY

@article{Macarthur1963ANET,
  title={AN EQUILIBRIUM THEORY OF INSULAR ZOOGEOGRAPHY},
  author={Robert H. Macarthur and Edward O. Wilson},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1963},
  volume={17}
}
As the area of sampling A increases in an ecologically uniform area, the number of plant and animal species s increases in an approximately logarithmic manner, or s = bAk, (1) where k < 1, as shown most recently in in the detailed analysis of Preston (1962). The same relationship holds for islands, where, as one of us has noted (Wilson, 1961), the parameters b and k vary among taxa. Thus, in the ponerine ants of Melanesia and the Moluccas, k (which might be called the faunal coefficient) is… 
CHANCE, HABITAT AND DISPERSAL IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF BIRDS IN THE WEST INDIES
  • J. Terborgh
  • Biology, Medicine
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1973
TLDR
Two problems in the distribution of West Indian birds are explored, one involves the degree of determinism in insular faunas and the other concerns the regulation of sympatry within adaptively related groups of species as a function of faunal size.
Independent Discovery of the Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography
TLDR
Munroe's concept of the species equilibrium was identical in all important respects to MacArthur and Wilson's and it is worthwhile to ask why Munroe's discovery went unrecognized while MacArthur andWilson's has been hailed as one of the successes of the evolutionary ecology of the 1960s.
Island biogeography theory predicts that the equilibrium number of species on an island, the net number of species resulting from immigration less extinction, is
related to the area of the island and its distance from a source region (MacArthur and Wilson 1963, 1967). In numerous studies the relationship between species number, S, and island area, A, has been
Hosts as Islands
TLDR
Causal mechanisms include the correlation of island area with habitat diversity, and sampling artifact if the number of samples is correlated with island size, as well as the immigration-extinction equilibrium theory (see Connor and McCoy 1979 for review of these hypotheses).
The Ecology of Colonization as Seen in the Zoogeography of Anoline Lizards on Small Islands.
One group of lizards-the iguanid genus Anolis in the West Indies-is now sufficiently well known to permit an empirical test of ecological theories of colonization in terms of these relatively slowly
Turnover and Equilibria in Insular Avifaunas, with Special Reference to the California Channel Islands
TLDR
According to current biogeographical theory, the number of species comprising an insular biota is the result of a dynamic interaction between extinction and immigration rates, and birds are relatively easy to observe and are well known taxonomically and biologically.
Species richness, turnover and equilibrium in insular floras near Perth, Western Australia
TLDR
It is suggested that seabird colonies override the importance usually ascribed to island area and isolation in influencing these rates of extinction and isolation, and there are no significant differences between extinction and immigration rates.
The Statistics and Biology of the Species-Area Relationship
TLDR
It is proposed that the exponential and power function models of the species-area relationship result from the way in which individuals are distributed among species, and specific values of the slope of the power function are often construed to * Order of authorship determined by the toss of a coin.
Trends in the Insular Radiation of a Lizard
TLDR
It is tentatively concluded that small size of Uta on the continent and on large islands is largely affected by interspecific interactions with other iguanid lizards, and the intensity of this inhibition to evolutionary increase in size is dependent (but not linearly) on the number of iguanids interacting with Uta.
Population dynamics of shrews on small islands accord with the equilibrium model
TLDR
Three of the six species of shrew in Finland, Sorex araneus, S. caecutiens, and S. minutus, are common on the mainland and widespread on islands in lakes; these factors probably contribute to the absence of the small species from many islands tens of hectares in area.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
The Nature of the Taxon Cycle in the Melanesian Ant Fauna
TLDR
The following rule is predicted: the ecological amplitude of individual species, both expanding and endemic, should be negatively correlated with the size of the local fauna to which they belong and hence thesize of the island on which they occur.
ON THE RELATIVE ABUNDANCE OF BIRD SPECIES.
  • R. Macarthur
  • Geography, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1957
TLDR
The observed populations are not under the control of very local or rapid temporal processes; i.e., they are in a near-equilibrium state, and the hypotheses will be ones which yield an equilibrium or near-Equilibrium population.
Wallace's Line in the Light of Recent Zoogeographic Studies
  • E. Mayr
  • Geography
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1944
TLDR
It seemed worth while to me to study the controversial and still wide open subject of the borderline between the Australian and Oriental Regions with the help of such modern methods.
Birds of the Philippines
IN a foreword to this volume, Prof. Fairfield Osborn explains that it is one of a series brought out under the auspices of the American Committee for International Protection of Wild Life. The object
The Canonical Distribution of Commonness and Rarity: Part I
TLDR
Not only is the distribution lognormal, but the constants or parameters seem to be restricted in a peculiar way, and they are not fixed, but they are interlocked.
The Fauna of Krakatau, 1883–1933
PRIOR to 1883 there existed in the Sunda Straits between Sumatra and Java three small islands, the largest of which, Krakatau, was composed of three active volcanoes, Perboewatan, Danan and Rakata.
An Introduction To Probability Theory And Its Applications
TLDR
A First Course in Probability (8th ed.) by S. Ross is a lively text that covers the basic ideas of probability theory including those needed in statistics.
On the relative
  • 1957
...
1
2
...