AIDS and Stigma

@article{Herek1999AIDSAS,
  title={AIDS and Stigma},
  author={G. Herek},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  year={1999},
  volume={42},
  pages={1106 - 1116}
}
  • G. Herek
  • Published 1999
  • Medicine
  • American Behavioral Scientist
This article briefly reviews current knowledge about AIDS-related stigma, defined as prejudice, discounting, discrediting, and discrimination directed at people perceived to have AIDS or HIV, and the individuals, groups, and communities with which they are associated. AIDS stigma has been manifested in discrimination, violence, and personal rejection of people with AIDS (PWAs). Whereas the characteristics of AIDS as an illness probably make some degree of stigma inevitable, AIDS has also been… Expand
HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action.
TLDR
This paper offers a new framework by which to understand HIV and AIDS-related stigma and its effects and highlights the manner in which stigma feeds upon, strengthens and reproduces existing inequalities of class, race, gender and sexuality. Expand
An Investigation of the Determinants of Stigmatization and Prejudice Toward People Living With HIV/AIDS
The components and determinants of HIV/AIDS stigma and prejudice were investigated in an online-questionnaire study. The results show that the components of the attitude toward people with HIV/AIDSExpand
Understanding HIV-related stigma and discrimination in a "blameless" population.
TLDR
A qualitative study was conducted to identify the reasons, sources, and types of HIV-related stigma prevalent in rural China and develop an intervention to reduce fear of casual transmission and stigma in these communities. Expand
Perspectives on HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: voices of some young people in Ghana
This paper examines Ghanaian young people's perceptions of the determinants of HIV- and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, and how these perceptions may influence the de-stigmatisation process.Expand
Internalized Stigma Among People Living with HIV-AIDS
HIV is recognized as a highly stigmatized disease; however, there has been a lack of research on the internalization of this stigma by seropositive people. This study examined internalized stigmaExpand
Stigma and AIDS: Reunifying the Body
HIV/AIDS is a serious global medical concern; its impact cannot be denied. Yet according to many it is not the disease itself that disturbs life most, but rather the psychological and socialExpand
The third phase of HIV pandemic: social consequences of HIV/AIDS stigma & discrimination & future needs.
TLDR
An overview of social responses to AIDS, characterized by high levels of stigma, discrimination central to the global AIDS challenge, as related to human dignity is described, to counter consequences of pandemic from social perspective of human dignity and rights. Expand
Felt and Enacted Stigma Among HIV/HCV-Coinfected Adults
TLDR
Qualitative interviews with 132 HIV/HCV-coinfected patients were analyzed to explore how they experience the two layers of stigma and the impact of the hierarchical and nonhierarchical ordering of the two stigmas on patients’ felt and enacted stigmatization is explored. Expand
HIV-Related Stigma, Discrimination, and Knowledge of Legal Rights among Infected Adults
TLDR
Findings indicate the need for education concerning legal rights and that HIV-related stigma and discrimination are still a concern for infected individuals. Expand
Stigma: a health barrier for women with HIV/AIDS.
  • R. Carr, L. Gramling
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC
  • 2004
TLDR
Interventions are needed to decrease the impact of stigma on women with HIV/AIDS so they can achieve a higher level of wellness, increase their life span, continue in the workforce, and improve their quality of life. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 112 REFERENCES
Stigma and AIDS: Three Layers of Damage
TLDR
Stigmata associated with HIV/AIDS can be organized into three layers: stigmata intrude on prevention, in that society is inhibited from creating or supporting programs that are humane and sensitive to the needs of vulnerable people. Expand
Stigma, HIV and AIDS: an exploration and elaboration of a stigma trajectory.
TLDR
The essential processes through which individuals personalize the illness, dilemmas encountered in interpersonal relations, strategies that are used to avoid or minimize HIV-related stigma, and subcultural networks and ideologies that are drawn upon to construct, avow, and adapt to an HIV identity are considered. Expand
AIDS Stigma and Sexual Prejudice
This article presents national survey data to assess the extent to which AIDS-related stigma remains linked to public attitudes toward homosexuality in the United States. Most heterosexuals continueExpand
AIDS-Related Stigma and Attitudes toward Injecting Drug users among Black and White Americans
TLDR
Black' and Whites' attitudes toward people with AIDS are informed by their different experiences of the AIDS epidemic, and knowing someone who injected illegal drugs was associated with less AIDS stigma for Blacks, but not for Whites. Expand
AIDS Stigma and Contact With Persons With AIDS: Effects of Direct and Vicarious Contact.1
This paper examines the relationship between AIDS-related stigma and (a) direct, personal contact with people with AIDS (PWAs), and (b) vicarious contact—through mass media—with a public figure withExpand
A Social-Psychological Analysis of HIV-Related Stigma
Despite the best efforts of public health agencies, HIV/AIDS continues to carry a significant stigma in the general population. Research indicates that people's negative reactions to persons withExpand
Aids-Related Stigmatization and the Disruption of Social Relationships
This article describes the importance of stigma to understanding the experience of becoming infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), especially with respect to social relationships.Expand
HIV-related stigma in a sample of HIV-affected older female African American caregivers
TLDR
The need for social work practitioners to increase awareness of the needs of stigmatized, isolated HIV-affected caregivers and conduct aggressive outreach to this often invisible population of caregivers to HIV-infected people is suggested. Expand
Stigma as an Obstacle to AIDS Action
The control of the spread of AIDS depends on the willingness of the U.S. society to undertake a series of prevention actions. A corollary of this is that the prevention action must be managed in aExpand
Stigmatization and AIDS: critical issues in public health.
  • C. Goldin
  • Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 1994
TLDR
Using analyses of Western imagery and African ethnographic accounts, this paper explores the differences between AIDS in America and in Africa with respect to epidemiology, socio-economic and cultural illness patterns, and experiences of stigmatization. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...