AIDS Stigma and Sexual Prejudice

@article{Herek1999AIDSSA,
  title={AIDS Stigma and Sexual Prejudice},
  author={Gregory M. Herek and John P. Capitanio},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  year={1999},
  volume={42},
  pages={1130 - 1147}
}
This article presents national survey data to assess the extent to which AIDS-related stigma remains linked to public attitudes toward homosexuality in the United States. Most heterosexuals continue to associate AIDS primarily with homosexuality or bisexuality, and this association is correlated with higher levels of sexual prejudice (antigay attitudes). Although all people who contract AIDS sexually are assigned blame for their infection, such blame is greater for a gay or bisexual man than… 
When Sex Equals AIDS: Symbolic Stigma and Heterosexual Adults' Inaccurate Beliefs about Sexual Transmission of AIDS
Data from an experiment embedded in a national telephone survey of heterosexual, English-speaking U.S. adults ( N = 1,283) were used to examine the relationship between manifestations of symbolic
A Preliminary Examination of Sexual Orientation as a Social Vulnerability for Experiencing HIV/AIDS-related Stigma.
TLDR
Preliminary examination of sexual orientation as a social vulnerability for experiencing HIV/AIDS-related stigma, specifically concerns about disclosure and public attitudes, found a heterosexual sexual orientation was significantly associated with HIV/ AIDS disclosure concerns.
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Stigma, which is partially determined by social norms within specific cultures, can affect individuals in many ways such as direct negative treatment and discrimination as well as medical, social,
Attitudes of Heterosexual Men and Women Toward HIV Negative and Positive Gay Men
TLDR
Experiences of homophobia and closeness varied depending on gender of participant and condition assigned, and higher levels of homophobia were correlated with lower levels of closeness regardless of HIV status.
Anticipated HIV stigma and delays in HIV testing among Brazilian heterosexual male soldiers
ABSTRACT Anticipated HIV stigma refers to expectations held by individuals regarding social rejection, prejudice, and discrimination if they were ever to be infected by HIV. Much of the prior work on
Disease-Related Stigma
Abstract This study explores the prevalence of AIDS and cancer stigma as influenced by attitude toward homosexuality, religiosity, authoritarianism, and androgyny. This study used a
Attitudes toward HIV-positives in dependence on their sexual orientation
Homosexual HIV-positives suffer under a double stigma. Moreover, many heterosexuals still associate HIV/AIDS with homosexuality (Herek & Capitanio, 1999). This study examined the connection between
Discrimination against HIV-Infected People and the Spread of HIV: Some Evidence from France
TLDR
A relationship between discrimination and unsafe sex among PLWHAs infected through either IDU or heterosexual contact is confirmed, especially strong in the heterosexual group that has become the main vector of HIV transmission in France.
HIV stigma perceptions and sexual risk behaviors among black young women
ABSTRACT Studies on HIV/AIDS routinely identify stigma as a barrier to both reducing sexual risk and increasing protective behaviors. Due to the high rates of HIV infections among Black females in
HIV/AIDS stigma: Measurement and relationships to psycho-behavioral factors in Latino gay/bisexual men and transgender women
TLDR
The results revealed three dimensions of stigma: internalized, perceived, and enacted HIV/AIDS stigma, which expand the understanding of the multidimensionality of stigma and the manner in which various features impact marginalized PLWHA.
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References

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TLDR
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