AIDS Stigma and Sexual Prejudice

  title={AIDS Stigma and Sexual Prejudice},
  author={Gregory M. Herek and John P. Capitanio},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  pages={1130 - 1147}
This article presents national survey data to assess the extent to which AIDS-related stigma remains linked to public attitudes toward homosexuality in the United States. Most heterosexuals continue to associate AIDS primarily with homosexuality or bisexuality, and this association is correlated with higher levels of sexual prejudice (antigay attitudes). Although all people who contract AIDS sexually are assigned blame for their infection, such blame is greater for a gay or bisexual man than… 
When Sex Equals AIDS: Symbolic Stigma and Heterosexual Adults' Inaccurate Beliefs about Sexual Transmission of AIDS
Data from an experiment embedded in a national telephone survey of heterosexual, English-speaking U.S. adults ( N = 1,283) were used to examine the relationship between manifestations of symbolic
A Preliminary Examination of Sexual Orientation as a Social Vulnerability for Experiencing HIV/AIDS-related Stigma.
Preliminary examination of sexual orientation as a social vulnerability for experiencing HIV/AIDS-related stigma, specifically concerns about disclosure and public attitudes, found a heterosexual sexual orientation was significantly associated with HIV/ AIDS disclosure concerns.
Gender differences in perceived stigma among sexual minorities and their related health practices
Stigma, which is partially determined by social norms within specific cultures, can affect individuals in many ways such as direct negative treatment and discrimination as well as medical, social,
Attitudes of Heterosexual Men and Women Toward HIV Negative and Positive Gay Men
Experiences of homophobia and closeness varied depending on gender of participant and condition assigned, and higher levels of homophobia were correlated with lower levels of closeness regardless of HIV status.
Anticipated HIV stigma and delays in HIV testing among Brazilian heterosexual male soldiers
ABSTRACT Anticipated HIV stigma refers to expectations held by individuals regarding social rejection, prejudice, and discrimination if they were ever to be infected by HIV. Much of the prior work on
Disease-Related Stigma
Abstract This study explores the prevalence of AIDS and cancer stigma as influenced by attitude toward homosexuality, religiosity, authoritarianism, and androgyny. This study used a
Attitudes toward HIV-positives in dependence on their sexual orientation
Homosexual HIV-positives suffer under a double stigma. Moreover, many heterosexuals still associate HIV/AIDS with homosexuality (Herek & Capitanio, 1999). This study examined the connection between
Discrimination against HIV-Infected People and the Spread of HIV: Some Evidence from France
A relationship between discrimination and unsafe sex among PLWHAs infected through either IDU or heterosexual contact is confirmed, especially strong in the heterosexual group that has become the main vector of HIV transmission in France.
HIV stigma perceptions and sexual risk behaviors among black young women
ABSTRACT Studies on HIV/AIDS routinely identify stigma as a barrier to both reducing sexual risk and increasing protective behaviors. Due to the high rates of HIV infections among Black females in
HIV/AIDS stigma: Measurement and relationships to psycho-behavioral factors in Latino gay/bisexual men and transgender women
The results revealed three dimensions of stigma: internalized, perceived, and enacted HIV/AIDS stigma, which expand the understanding of the multidimensionality of stigma and the manner in which various features impact marginalized PLWHA.


AIDS-Related Stigma and Attitudes toward Injecting Drug users among Black and White Americans
Black' and Whites' attitudes toward people with AIDS are informed by their different experiences of the AIDS epidemic, and knowing someone who injected illegal drugs was associated with less AIDS stigma for Blacks, but not for Whites.
Symbolic Prejudice or Fear of Infection? A Functional Analysis of AIDS-Related Stigma Among Heterosexual Adults
To determine whether attitudes toward a stigmatized group are primarily instrumental or symbolic, multiple aspects of AIDS stigma were assessed in a 2-wave telephone survey with a national
Attitudes Toward a Homosexual or Heterosexual Person with AIDS1
It is concluded that simply increasing public knowledge about AIDS is not enough to ensure a more supportive, social environment for persons with AIDS.
Stigma, prejudice, and violence against lesbians and gay men.
Institutional and personal hostility toward lesbians and gay men is a fact of life in the United States today. At the cultural level, homosexuality remains stigmatized through institutional policies.
AIDS Stigma and Contact With Persons With AIDS: Effects of Direct and Vicarious Contact.1
This paper examines the relationship between AIDS-related stigma and (a) direct, personal contact with people with AIDS (PWAs), and (b) vicarious contact—through mass media—with a public figure with
Public opinion about AIDS policies. The role of misinformation and attitudes toward homosexuals.
Evidence is provided that misinformation about AIDS transmission and negative attitudes toward homosexuals are strong predictors of support for stringent restrictions of persons with AIDS, and that several background factors, in particular, education and political liberalism, may also play decisive roles in influencing levels ofsupport for restricting those infected with the AIDS virus.
Public reactions to AIDS in the United States: a second decade of stigma.
African Americans expressed greater support for policies separating persons with AIDS from others and a stronger desire to avoid these persons, whereas Whites expressed more negative feelings toward them and a greater willingness to blame them for their illness.
A Social-Psychological Analysis of HIV-Related Stigma
Despite the best efforts of public health agencies, HIV/AIDS continues to carry a significant stigma in the general population. Research indicates that people's negative reactions to persons with
Reactions to AIDS Victims: Ambiguity Breeds Contempt
The present study investigated the causes of negative reactions towards AIDS victims. Fifty-eight subjects rated the personal responsibility and interactional desirability of eight hypothetical
Conspiracies, contagion, and compassion: trust and public reactions to AIDS.
  • G. HerekJ. Capitanio
  • Medicine, Psychology
    AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
  • 1994
Public trust associated with AIDS was assessed in a national telephone survey and African-Americans were more likely than whites to express distrust of doctors and scientists concerning HIV transmission through casual contact, to believe that AIDS is being used as a form of genocide against minority groups, and to belief that information aboutAIDS is being withheld from the public.