author={Judith A. Carney},
  journal={The Journal of African History},
  pages={377 - 396}
  • J. Carney
  • Published 1 December 2001
  • History
  • The Journal of African History
Most studies of the Columbian Exchange have not appreciated the significance of Africans in establishing plant domesticates in the Americas. African plants traversed the Atlantic as provisions aboard slave ships and slaves proved instrumental in their establishment in the New World as preferred food staples. This paper identifies the diverse crops domesticated in Africa, the intercontinental plant exchanges between Africa and Asia that occurred in the millennia before the Columbian Exchange and… 


The African diaspora to the Americas was one of plants as well as people. European slavers provisioned their human cargoes with African and other Old World useful plants, which enabled their enslaved

Imagining Jehossee Island Rice Plantation Today

The analysis of the legacy of commercial rice production on Jehossee Island, today part of the ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge, provides a unique opportunity to underscore the complex system of

The African antecedents of Uncle Ben in U.S. rice history

Abstract This article examines the cultural antecedents of rice cultivation in South Carolina, arguing that its establishment in the colony represents the transfer of an African knowledge system via

Contributions of African Crops to American Culture and Beyond: The Slave Trade and Other Journeys of Resilient Peoples and Crops

There is a general unawareness of food crops indigenous to the African continent that have contributed to Western culture. This under-appreciation is particularly relevant in the current context of

A Transatlantic Commodity: Irish Salt Beef in the French Atlantic World

In February 1674 Jean-Charles de Baas, the governor-general of the ı̂les françaises de l’Amérique, reported to Colbert that the previous year of famine had paradoxically had some advantageous effects

American plants in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of the archaeological evidence

ABSTRACT American plants play significant roles in Sub-Saharan African societies as foods, raw materials, medicines and ornamentals. Adopted over the past 500 years in the context of the Atlantic

Rice in the Time of Sugar: The Political Economy of Food in Cuba

Cuba has imported rice for most of the past 200 years. It did not have to be this way, and Louis A. Perez, Jr. explains why. Using records culled from archives, rice-growing trade association bulle...

Plants and Progress: Rethinking the Islamic Agricultural Revolution

Since it was first proposed in the 1970s, the concept of an Islamic agricultural revolution, in which new plants and techniques spread rapidly from east to west and transformed agriculture in the

Did Enslaved Africans Spark South Carolina’s Eighteenth-Century Rice Boom?

Beginning in the mid-1970s, students of the rice-growing boom that made South Carolina rich in the eighteenth century began focusing on the role of the enslaved Africans who grew the crop. They

Trans-Atlantic slavery: isotopic evidence for forced migration to Barbados.

A small, preliminary isotopic study conducted in order to determine the geographical origin of 25 enslaved Africans who were buried at the Newton plantation, Barbados, sometime between the late 17th and early 19th century suggests that the majority of individuals were born on the island, if not the estate itself.



African Slavery and other Forms of Social Oppression on the Upper Guinea Coast in the Context of the Atlantic Slave-Trade

  • W. Rodney
  • History, Economics
    The Journal of African History
  • 1966
It has come to be widely accepted that slavery prevailed on the African continent before the arrival of the Europeans, and this indigenous slavery is said to have facilitated the rise and progress of

Notes on W. Jeffrey Bolster, Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the Age of Sail

Few Americans, black or white, recognize the degree to which early African American history is a maritime history. W. Jeffrey Bolster shatters the myth that black seafaring in the age of sail was

The Many-Headed Hydra

Resume Cet article est la traduction de l’Introduction du livre, L’hydre aux mille tetes. L’histoire cachee de l’Atlantique revolutionnaire, a paraitre aux Ed. Amsterdam en 2008. Il s’agit de

Women's importance in African slave systems

  • Women and Slavery in Africa

On cereal production by African captives, see Francis Moore

  • Travels into the Inland Parts of Africa

Gullah People,  ; Grime! , Ethno-Botany

    One pioneering exception, but in need of revision

      Subsistence on the plantation periphery ', . )$ On the role of Africans working aboard slave ships, see W. Jeffrey Bolster

        History of Agriculture in Southern United States to ( vols