author={Jwd Wildlife},
  booktitle={Journal of wildlife diseases},
  • Jwd Wildlife
  • Published in Journal of wildlife diseases 1 April 2016
  • Environmental Science
ABSTRACT:  Over several decades, animal welfare has grown into its own free-standing field of scientific study, from its early beginnings in laboratory animal research to eventually include exhibited animals and farm animals. While it has always been present to some degree, consideration of animal welfare for free-ranging animals has lagged behind, developing as a field of study in the last 20 yr or so. Part of that increase was that animal welfare legislation was finally applied to studies… 
Leukocyte Coping Capacity: An Integrative Parameter for Wildlife Welfare Within Conservation Interventions
Leukocyte Coping Capacity (LCC), a proxy for stress quantifying oxygen radical production by leukocytes, is reviewed, discussing the strength and weaknesses of this immunological approach to evaluate stress, the individual capacity to cope with stress and the resulting potential implications for animal welfare.
“Feelings and Fitness” Not “Feelings or Fitness”–The Raison d'être of Conservation Welfare, Which Aligns Conservation and Animal Welfare Objectives
This paper summarizes key points developed by a group of conservation and animal welfare scientists discussing scientific assessment of wild animal welfare and barriers to progress and proposes the formal development of a new discipline, Conservation Welfare, integrating the expertise of scientists from both fields.
Compassionate Conservation: Exploring the Lives of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Botswana
This paper argues that responsible anthropomorphism and animal geography concepts of animal subjectivity (lived experiences) and agency (capacity to act) positions African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) as subjects in conservation research and scholarship.
Ethical and IACUC Considerations Regarding Analgesia and Pain Management in Laboratory Rodents.
Applying current animal pain management knowledge to prevailing ethical principles will shift IACUC toward greater caution in allowing potentially painful animal experiments, with heightened caution regarding the ability of analgesics to mitigate the animals' pain.
Settle Down! Ranging Behaviour Responses of Roe Deer to Different Capture and Release Methods
The fitting of tracking devices to wild animals requires capture and handling which causes stress and can potentially cause injury, behavioural modifications that can affect animal welfare and the output of research, according to the Refinement of the Three R's.
Counting Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) on Hosts Is Complex: A Review and Comparison of Methods
It is suggested that studies focusing purely on counting ticks on hosts should use more sensitive methods to determine patterns of tick distribution on the surfaces of unconscious or deceased hosts in order to provide host body regions to target in future studies to maximize tick detection ability and limit the costs of research for researchers and the host animals involved.
Insights of Legal and illegal wildlife hunting in Selous and Rungwa Game Reserves in the South-East and Central Tanzania
There is a lack of consensus among conservationists regarding the association between trophy hunting and wildlife poaching. Anti-hunting groups argue that trophy hunting is against animal welfare and
Into the Wild: Into the Wild: Opportunities and Challenges for Animal-Computer Interaction in Wildlife Conservation
  • Devin Anne Nieusma
  • Environmental Science
    Eight International Conference on Animal-Computer Interaction
  • 2021
The field of Animal-Computer Interaction (ACI) has emerged alongside the increasing adoption of digital technologies for wildlife conservation and concern for wild animal welfare. To date, there have
Conflict and Conservation: The Lives of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Botswana, Africa
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), a SSHRC Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship, the Fonds de Recherche du Quebec- Societe et Culture, the Ontario Graduate Scholarship Program,
Toe-Clipping Does Not Affect Toad's Short-Term Locomotor Performance
It is suggested that toe-clipping should not increase toads' risk to become prey or hinder searching for prey or mates, and run rate was not affected by toe-Clipping.


Does the Animal Welfare Act apply to free-ranging animals?
IACUCs, IACUC veterinarians, wildlife Veterarians, and fish and wildlife biologists must learn to work together to comply with the law and to protect the privilege of using free-ranging animals in research.
Animal Welfare Science: Recent Publication Trends and Future Research Priorities
Future challenges and opportunities including refining the use of preference tests, stereotypic behaviour, corticosteroid outputs and putative indicators of positive affect, to enable more valid conclusions about welfare; investigating the evolution and functions of affective states; and last but not least, identifying which taxonomic groups and stages of development are actually sentient and so worthy of welfare concern.
Humane harvesting and slaughter of farmed fish.
The use of food-grade anaesthetics to assist with the harvest has significant potential for improving welfare and their wider use should be investigated further.
The Animal Welfare Act: from enactment to enforcement.
In this opinion, the key to compliance with the Animal Welfare Act and its regulations and standards is to have in place a proactive, progressive Animal Care and Use Program that uses the semiannual inspection and programmatic review process to improve the day-to-day management of the program.
Mammal trapping: a review of animal welfare standards of killing and restraining traps
Millions of wild mammals are trapped annually for fur, pest control and wildlife management. Ensuring the welfare of trapped individuals can only be achieved by trapping methods that meet accepted
Animal Welfare at the Group Level: More Than the Sum of Individual Welfare?
It is argued that actual perceived welfare status of individuals in a population may vary over a wide range even under identical environmental conditions, which would imply that optimum welfare of a social group might be achieved in situations where individual group members differ markedly in apparent welfare status and perceive their own welfare as being optimal under differing circumstances.
Publish or perish: why it’s important to publicise how, and if, research activities affect animals
For effective biodiversity conservation it is imperative that conservation and wildlife researchers lucidly present the case for their research on individual animals, to present these arguments in the public domain as well as in peer-reviewed literature.
This review article summarizes the literature on many studies in which fecal glucocorticoids and their metabolites have been used to assess stress levels in various mammalian species.
Toe Clipping of Amphibians and Reptiles: Science, Ethics, and the Law1
Toe clipping of reptiles and amphibians meets legal and ethical expectations and should remain acceptable where it meets study needs and should not be changed based on existing guidelines.
Exploring “Humane” Dimensions of Wildlife
The field of wildlife management has been on a collision course with human nature for some time, documented by the growing and important body of human dimensions of wildlife research. As the