ADHD and posttraumatic stress disorder

  title={ADHD and posttraumatic stress disorder},
  author={Julian D. Ford and Daniel F. Connor},
  journal={Current Attention Disorders Reports},
  • J. FordD. Connor
  • Published 10 May 2009
  • Psychology
  • Current Attention Disorders Reports
Children and adults diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at elevated risk for exposure to psychological trauma but not for the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). ADHD and PTSD may co-occur in children and adults. This article summarizes evidence of the phenomenologic, diagnostic, and neurobiologic independence of these two disorders. Assessment of ADHD should include screening for psychological trauma history and PTSD. When comorbidity occurs… 

Post-traumatic Stress Disorders and ADHD

This chapter reviews the etiological aspects, assessment strategies, and psychosocial and pharmacological treatment approaches for patients with co-occurring ADHD and PTSD and highlights the need for more research within the field to inform better assessment and treatment of this comorbid combination in clinical practice.

Adult ADHD in Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders

Among the Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders classified in DSM-5, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most frequently reported in people with ADHD and vice versa. As their

Childhood trauma in adults with ADHD is associated with comorbid anxiety disorders and functional impairment

It is suggested that awareness of child and adolescent trauma is clinically relevant among young to middle-aged adult ADHD patients, and implications for earlier detection of CT and treatment warrant further studies.

A Review of ADHD and Childhood Trauma: Treatment Challenges and Clinical Guidance

There has been increasing interest about the link between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and childhood trauma and there is evidence to support the use of alpha-2 agonists in both trauma-related disorders and ADHD.

Peritraumatic reactions and posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatrically impaired youth.

Peritraumatic dissociation can be rapidly assessed in clinical practice and warrants further testing in prospective studies as a potential mediator of the trauma-PTSD relationship in youth.

The relationship between childhood traumas, dissociation, and impulsivity in patients with borderline personality disorder comorbid with ADHD

ABSTRACT Objective: Previous studies reported that there were significant associations between Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). In this

Understanding interpersonal trauma in children: why we need a developmentally appropriate trauma diagnosis.

Research is summarized that suggests directions for broadening current diagnostic conceptualizations for victimized children, focusing on findings regarding victimization, the prevalence of a variety of psychiatric symptoms related to affect and behavior dysregulation, disturbances of consciousness and cognition, alterations in attribution and schema, and interpersonal impairment.

ADHD and the Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Although it has now been reclassified as a Neurodevelopmental Disorder, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently overlaps with the Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders



Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in adult patients with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Is ADHD a vulnerability factor?

There appears to be a significant association of PTSD with ADHD.

Trauma exposure among children with oppositional defiant disorder and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder.

Children in psychiatric treatment who are diagnosed with ODD, but not those diagnosed solely with ADHD, may particularly require evaluation and care for posttraumatic sequelae.

Antecedents and complications of trauma in boys with ADHD: findings from a longitudinal study.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder was not found to be a risk factor for either trauma exposure or PTSD, but childhood mania was, and this finding stresses the potential severe clinical sequelae of Childhood mania in children.

Child Maltreatment, other Trauma Exposure, and Posttraumatic Symptomatology among Children with Oppositional Defiant and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders

It is suggested that screening for maltreatment, other trauma, and PTSD symptoms may enhance prevention, treatment, and research concerning childhood disruptive behavior disorders.

Attention‐Deficit‐Hyperactivity Disorder: An Update

This patient population can be treated effectively with individualized treatment regimens of stimulants, atomoxetine, or bupropion, along with close monitoring, and longacting formulations (administered once/day) may improve adherence.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder as a potentially aggravating factor in borderline personality disorder

Women seeking treatment for borderline personality disorder were assessed for childhood and adult ADHD, co-occurring Axis I and Axis II disorders, severity of borderline symptomatology and traumatic childhood experiences.

Genetics of posttraumatic stress disorder: Review and recommendations for future studies.

  • K. Koenen
  • Psychology
    Journal of traumatic stress
  • 2007
Evidence from family, twin, and molecular genetic studies for genetic influences on PTSD is reviewed and recommendations for future studies are presented with emphasis on study design and assessment issues particular to the field of trauma and PTSD.

Retrospective Reports of Childhood Trauma in Adults With ADHD

Clinicians are alerted that patients with ADHD symptoms have a high probability of childhood abuse, and having ADHD is a better predictor of poorer psychosocial functioning in adulthood.