ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS OF NEGRO-PEPPER (XYLOPIA AETHOPICA) AND CASHEW (ANARCARDIUM OCCIDENTALE) ON SOME ANTIBIOTIC RESISI- TANT CLINICAL ISOLATES FROM BAPTIST MEDICAL CENTRE, EKU, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

@article{Akpomie2011ACTIVITIESOE,
  title={ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS OF NEGRO-PEPPER (XYLOPIA AETHOPICA) AND CASHEW (ANARCARDIUM OCCIDENTALE) ON SOME ANTIBIOTIC RESISI- TANT CLINICAL ISOLATES FROM BAPTIST MEDICAL CENTRE, EKU, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA},
  author={Olubunmi Olufunmi Akpomie and Chukwunalu Ossai},
  journal={Nigerian Journal of Science and Environment},
  year={2011},
  volume={10},
  pages={28-31}
}
Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Xylopia aethiopica an Anacarduim occidentale obtained from Abraka main market, Delta State were analysed for their activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  The phytochemical analy- sis of the plants showed that they contain Alkaloids, Tannins, Saponins, flavonoids, Glycosides and chalcones. The antibiotics sensitivity pattern of S.aureus revealed resistance against Aug- mentin, Amoxycillin… 
1 Citations

Tables from this paper

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Bactericidal activity of herbal extracts.
TLDR
Because of the weak antimicrobial activity of total herbal extracts, it is recommended to give preference to preparations of single or more purified compounds.
Antimicrobial properties of plant secondary metabolites
  • R. Wallace
  • Medicine, Biology
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2004
Increasing awareness of hazards associated with the use of antibiotic and chemical feed additives has accelerated investigations into plants and their extracts as feed additives. The present review
Studies on essential oils: Part 10; Antibacterial activity of volatile oils of some spices
The essential oils extracted from the seeds of seven spices, Anethum graveolens, Carum capticum, Coriandrum sativum, Cuminum cyminum, Foeniculum vulgare, Pimpinella anisum and Seseli indicum have
Volatile Compounds of Cashew Apple (Anacardium occidentale L.)
  • B. Bicalho, C. Rezende
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences
  • 2001
TLDR
The volatile compounds of a largely consumed Brazilian cashew apple variety (Anacardium occidentale L. nanum) were recovered by headspace extraction or simultaneous distillation-extraction and characterized and quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses.
Phytochemical characterization and the antimicrobial property of Aframomum danielli extract
TLDR
All fractions obtained from the petroleum ether extract exhibited antimicrobial activity on food-borne pathogens with minimum inhibitory concentrations in the range of 100 – 800 microgram per millilitres.
Efflux-mediated multiresistance in Gram-negative bacteria.
  • K. Poole
  • Biology
    Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
  • 2004
TLDR
Given the incredible chemical diversity of substrates accommodated by these efflux systems, it is likely that many novel or yet to be discovered antimicrobials will themselves be efflux substrates and, as such, efflux inhibitors may become an important component of Gram-negative antimicrobial therapy.
Handbook of African Medicinal Plants
TLDR
This book discusses healing and the African Culture, medicinal plants, and traditional healing methods, as well as some of the aspects of traditional healing that have changed over time.
Medicinal evaluation of X. aethiopica and Occimum gratissimum
  • Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences
  • 2004
Antibacterial effect of Aframomum meleguata , Xylopia a e t h i o p i c a a n d O c i m u m viride
  • Nigerian Journal Natural Products and Med icine
  • 2005
Alkaloids, Tannins and Saponin content of some Nigerian medicinal plant
  • Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences 23:
  • 2001
...
...