ACG Clinical Guideline: The Diagnosis and Management of Idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Liver Injury

@article{Chalasani2014ACGCG,
  title={ACG Clinical Guideline: The Diagnosis and Management of Idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Liver Injury},
  author={Naga P. Chalasani and Paul H. Hayashi and Herbert L. Bonkovsky and Victor J. Navarro and William M. Lee and Robert John Fontana},
  journal={The American Journal of Gastroenterology},
  year={2014},
  volume={109},
  pages={950-966}
}
Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a rare adverse drug reaction and it can lead to jaundice, liver failure, or even death. Antimicrobials and herbal and dietary supplements are among the most common therapeutic classes to cause DILI in the Western world. DILI is a diagnosis of exclusion and thus careful history taking and thorough work-up for competing etiologies are essential for its timely diagnosis. In this ACG Clinical Guideline, the authors present an evidence-based approach… 
ACG Clinical Guideline: Diagnosis and Management of Idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Liver Injury.
TLDR
Patients with DILI who develop progressive jaundice with or without coagulopathy should be referred to a tertiary care center for specialized care, including consideration for potential liver transplantation.
EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines: Drug-induced liver injury.
CSH guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of drug-induced liver injury
TLDR
The CSH guidelines summarized the epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathology, and clinical manifestation and gives 16 evidence-based recommendations on diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of DILI.
Idiosyncratic Drug-Induced Acute Liver Failure: A Challenging and Distressing Scenario.
TLDR
Careful history of drug taking and ruling out other competing etiologies is mandatory given that DILI can present with an extremely variable phenotype.
[Drug and herbal hepatotoxicity: an overview of clinical classifications].
TLDR
The work summarizes the up to date information on diagnosis and mostly used classifications on DILI and RUCAM on drug induced liver toxicity.
Drug-induced liver injury: Asia Pacific Association of Study of Liver consensus guidelines
TLDR
This APASL consensus guidelines on D ILI is a concise account of the various aspects including current evidence-based information on DILI with special emphasis on DilI due to antituberculosis agents and traditional and complementary medicine use in Asia.
Drug Induced Liver Injury: Review with a Focus on Genetic Factors, Tissue Diagnosis, and Treatment Options
TLDR
The causative agents, clinical features, pathogenesis, diagnosis modalities, and outcomes of DILI are provided, and results of recently reported genetic studies and updates on pharmacological and invasive treatments are reviewed.
Drug-Induced Liver Injury: An Institutional Case Series and Review of Literature
TLDR
This case report series demonstrates the importance of valproic acid, fluconazole, and amiodarone as potential hepatoxic agents of drug-induced liver injury leading to acute hepatic failure.
Drug-Induced Liver Injury
TLDR
The framework for approaching DILI includes the following: categorize the injury as either intrinsic or idiosyncratic, establish time course and pattern of injury, and triage effectively to minimize mortality risk.
Azithromycin-Induced Liver Injury in an Asthma Exacerbation Patient With Autoimmune Features
TLDR
A case of azithromycin-induced liver injury is presented in an asthma exacerbation patient with features of AIH, and a liver biopsy may be needed to differentiate between the two conditions.
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TLDR
It was concluded that multicenter referral networks enrolling patients with suspected DILI according to standardized methodologies are needed and a web‐of‐knowledge database that provides concise, reliable, and updated information on cases of liver injury due to drugs and herbal and dietary supplements was established.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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